Qualitative Sociology

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 111–132 | Cite as

Baseball's emotion work: Getting psyched to play

  • Eldon E. Snyder
  • Ronald Ammons


The problematic nature of sport contests creates a variety of emotions—anxiety, fear, sadness, joy, anger, disgust, frustration, compassion, and embarrassment. The present study uses an interactionist/interpretive investigation of baseball hitters and pitchers (N=21). Data were gathered by analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews with members of a college baseball team. A photo-elicitation interviewing technique was used with videotapes of the players in game situations. Players were asked to respond to the experience of hitting and pitching while observing the videotapes of themselves. The emotional experiences that emerged from the interviews focused on managing and maintaining their emotions within an optimal level of arousal. The players perceive the optimal level of arousal is necessary for a desirable performance.


Social Psychology Optimal Level Social Issue Emotional Experience Cross Cultural Psychology 
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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eldon E. Snyder
    • 1
  • Ronald Ammons
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyBowling Green State UniversityBowling Green

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