Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 152, Issue 3–4, pp 185–194 | Cite as

Morpho-ecological aspects on the pollination ofCalotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) in Israel

  • Dan Eisikowitch


Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) grows in Israel under extremely hot climatic conditions. Flower morphology is adapted towards the concealment of nectar, in order to protect it against robbery by ants and from evaporation. Pollinia while being inserted within the stigmatic chamber, are soaked in the liquid nectar which, by its concentration controls pollen germination. Two Carpenter bees (Xylocopa) are the only pollinators and their behavior on flowers is discussed.

Key words

Angiosperms Asclepiadaceae Calotropis procera Xylocopa Pollen germination nectar concentration robbery by ants Flora of Israel 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Eisikowitch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, the George S. Wise Faculty of Life SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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