Qualitative Sociology

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 345–371 | Cite as

Gathering dark secrets, hidden and dirty information: Some methodological notes on studying political assassinations

  • Nachman Ben-Yehuda
Articles

Abstract

Very little sociological research has been carried out on political assassinations and the methodological experience in sociology regarding this issue is consequently very limited. This paper presents an analytical summary of the methodological problems and experiences which were encountered during three years of research on the sociological and criminological patterns of political assassinations by Jews in Palestine and Israel between 1882–1988. Similar methods could be used to study other phenomena where the information can be characterized as secret, dirty and hidden.

Keywords

Social Psychology Social Issue Methodological Problem Cross Cultural Psychology Methodological Experience 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, Y., & O'day, A. (1984):Terrorism in Ireland, London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  2. Arnon-Ochana, Y. (1982):Falachs in the Arab Revolt in Eretz Israel 1936–1939, Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, Papirus (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  3. Ben-Yehuda, N. (1983): “History, Selection and Randomness — Towards an Analysis of Social Historical Explanations,”Quality and Quantity, 1983,17:347–367.Google Scholar
  4. Ben-Yehuda, N. (1985):Deviance and Moral Boundaries. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Ben-Yehuda, N. (1990a):The Politics and Morality of Deviance. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ben-Yehuda, N. (1990b): “Political Assassinations as Rhetorical Devices: Events and Interpretations”Terrorism and Political Violence, 2 (#3):324–350.Google Scholar
  7. Ben-Yehuda, N. (forthcoming):Political Assassinations by Jews: A Rhetorical Device for Justice.Google Scholar
  8. Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. M. (1966):The Social Construction of Reality. Baltimore: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  9. Best, J. (1989): “Afterword: Extending the Constructionist Perspective: A Conclusion and an Introduction.” Pp. 243–253 in Joel Best (ed.):Images of Issues: Typifying Contemporary Social Problems, New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  10. Carmel, A. (1973):The Settlements of Germans in Eretz-Israel at the end of the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem: The Israeli Eastern Society (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  11. Clark, R. P. (1986). “Patterns off ETA Violence: 1968–1980,” pp. 123–141 in Merkl, Peter H. (ed.):Political Violence and Terror. Motifs and Motivation. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  12. Clutterbuck, R. (1973).Protest and The Urban Guerrilla. New York: Abelard-Schuman.Google Scholar
  13. Clutterbuck, R. (1977):Guerrillas and Terrorists, London: Faber and Faber Limited.Google Scholar
  14. Cohen, A. A., & Mendes-Flohr, P. (eds.) (1987):Contemporary Jewish Religious Thought. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.Google Scholar
  15. Corfe, T. (1984): “Political Assassination in The Irish Tradition,” pp. 106–120 in Alexander Y. and A. O'day (eds.):Terrorism in Ireland, London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  16. Crotty, W. J. (ed.) (1971):Assassinations and the Political Order. New York: Harper and Row Publications.Google Scholar
  17. Deacon, R. (1977):The Israeli Secret Service. London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
  18. Dekel, E. (1953):The Ventures of SHAI. Tel Aviv: Ma'arachot (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  19. Dobson, C., & Payne, R. (1977):The Carlos Complex: A Study in Terror. London: Coronet Books/Hodder and Stoughton.Google Scholar
  20. Dror, Z. (1986):The Mista'arvim of the PALMACH. Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense, Hakibbutz Hameuchad (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  21. Eisenberg, D., Uri, D., & Landau, E. (1978):The Mossad. New York: A Signet Book New American Library.Google Scholar
  22. Eshed, H. (1988):One Man “Mossad.” Reuven Shiloach: Father of Israeli Intelligence, Jerusalem: Edanim Publishers, Yediot Aharonot Edition (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  23. Ford, F. L. (1985):Political Murder From Tyrannicide to Terrorism. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Gaucher, R. (1968):The Terrorists From Tsarist Russia to the O.A.S., London: Secker and Warburg.Google Scholar
  25. Gilad, Z. (1955):The Palmach Book, Third Edition, Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  26. Goffman, E. (1963):Stigma. Middlesex, England: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  27. Goldscheider, C., & Zuckerman, A. s. (1984):The Transformation of the Jews. Chicago: the University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  28. Goode, E. (1989): “The American Drug Panic of the 1980s: Social Construction or Objective Threat?”Violence, Aggression and Terrorism, 3(#4):327–348.Google Scholar
  29. Granot, O. (1981):Intelligence. Volume 6 of Zahal - Encyclopaedia for Army and Security. Tel Aviv: Revivim (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  30. Gurr, T. R. (1988): “Empirical Research on Political Terrorism: The State of the Art and How it Might be Improved,” pp. 115–154 in Slater, Robert O. and Stohl, Michael (eds.):Current Perspectives on International Terrorism. London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  31. Harel, I. (1989):Security and Democracy.”Tel Aviv:Edanim Publishers (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  32. Havens, M. C., Leiden, C., & Schmitt, K. M. (1970):The Politics of Assassination.Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:Prentice Hall, Inc. Google Scholar
  33. Hepworth, M. (1971): “Deviants in Disguise: Blackmail and Social Acceptance.” Pp. 192–218 in Cohen Stanley (ed.):Images of Deviance. Middlesex: England: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  34. Hoy, C., & Ostrovsky, V. (1990):By Way of Deception, Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co. Limited.Google Scholar
  35. Hyams, E. (1974):Terrorists and Terrorism. New York: St. Martin's Press.Google Scholar
  36. Hurwood, B. J. (1970):Society and the Assassin. New York: Parents' Magazine Press.Google Scholar
  37. Ivianski, Z. (1977): “Individual Terror: Concept and Typology.”Journal of Contemporary History, 12:43–63.Google Scholar
  38. Ivianski, Z. (1981): “Individual Terror,” pp. 409–414 in David Kna'ni (ed.):Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, vol. 6, Tel Aviv: Al Hamishmar (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  39. Kanaan, H. (1964): “The Nazis from Eretz Israel have not given hope.”Hauma, 10(#2):368–374 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  40. Kanaan, H. (1968):The Nazi Fifth Column in Palestine. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad Publishing House, Ltd. (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  41. Kirkham, J. F., Levy, S. G., & Crotty, W. J. (ed.) (1970):Assassination and Political Violence. New York: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
  42. Lerner, M. (1930): “Assassination” in Edwin Seligman (ed.):Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. II. Nw York: the MacMillan Company.Google Scholar
  43. Lester, D. (1986):The Murder and His Murder, New York: AMS Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  44. Marx, G. T. (1984): “Notes on the Discovery, Collection, and Assessment of Hidden and Dirty Data.” Pp. 78–113 in Joseph W. Schneider and John I. Kitsuse (eds.):Studies in the Sociology of Social Problems. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex.Google Scholar
  45. Nakdimon, S. (1978):Altalena. Jerusalem: Edanim (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  46. Nakdimon, S. (1986): “The Deposit,”Yediot Aharonot, November 21, Weekend Supplement, 34–35 (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  47. Niv, D.:The Battles of the National Military Organization (Ma'archot Hairgun Hatzvai Haleumi). Six volume set. Published between 1965–1980. Tel Aviv: Mossad Klosner (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  48. Padover, S. K. (1943): “Patterns of Assassination in Occupied Territory.”Public Opinion Quarterly, 7:680–693.Google Scholar
  49. Posner, S. (1987):Israel Undercover, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Rafter, N. H. (1990): “The Social Construction of Crime and Crime Control,”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 27 (#4):376–389.Google Scholar
  51. Rapoport, D. C. (1971:Assassination and Terrorism. Canadian Publishing Corporation.Google Scholar
  52. Rosberg, C., & Nottingham, J. (1966):The Myth of “Mau Mau”: Nationalism in Kenya. Nw York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  53. Steven, S. (1980):The Spymasters of Israel. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  54. S.T.H. -Sefer Toldot HaHagana. (The History of the Hagana). Eight volume set. Published between 1954 and 1973. First five volumes published by Tel Aviv: Am Oved (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  55. Turk, A. (1983): “Assassination” pp. 82–88 in Kadish, Sanford H. (ed.):Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  56. Wagner - Pacifici, R. E. (1986):The Moro Morality Play: Terrorism as Social Drama. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  57. Wardlaw, G. (1982):Political Terrorism. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Wilkinson, D. Y. (ed.) (1976):Social Structure and Assassination Behavior. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Schenkman Publishing Company.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nachman Ben-Yehuda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations