Skip to main content

Long-proboscid fly pollination of two orchids in the Cape Drakensberg mountains, South Africa

Abstract

Large hovering flies with elongated nectar-feeding mouthparts play an important role in the pollination of South African plants. Here we describe and illustrate the pollination of two long-spurred orchids —Disa oreophila H. Bolus subsp.erecta Linder andBrownleea macroceras Sond. — by the long-proboscid flyProsoeca ganglbaueri Lichtwardt (Nemestrinidae).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Ackerman, J. D., 1986: Mechanisms and evolution of food-deceptive pollination systems in orchids. — Lindleyana1: 108–113.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bezzi, M., 1924: The South AfricanNemestrinidae (Diptera) as represented in the South African Museum. — Ann. South African Museum19: 164–190.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bowden, R. N., 1978:Diptera. — InWerger, M. J. A., (Ed.): Biogeography and ecology of southern Africa, pp. 774–796. — The Hague: Junk.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Futuyama, D. J., Slatkin, M., 1983: Introduction. — InFutuyama, D. J., Slatkin, M., (Eds): Coevolution, pp. 1–13. — Sunderland: Sinauer.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Goldblatt, P., Bernhardt, P., 1990: Pollination biology ofNivenia (Iridaceae) and the presence of heterostylous self-incompatibility. — Israel J. Bot.39: 93–111.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Johnson, S. D., 1992: Plant animal relationships. — InCowling, R. M., (Ed.): The ecology of fynbos, pp. 175–204. — Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. , 1993: Beauty and the beast: a Cape orchid pollinated by horseflies. — Veld & Flora79: 38–39.

    Google Scholar 

  8. , 1994: Red flowers and butterfly pollination in the fynbos of South Africa. — InArianoutsou, M., Groves, R. H., (Eds): Plant-animal interactions in Mediterranean-type ecosystems, pp. 137–148. — Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Linder, H. P., 1981a: Taxonomic studies on theDisinae III. A revision ofDisa Berg. excluding sect.Micranthae Lindl. — Contrib. Bolus Herb.9: 1–370.

    Google Scholar 

  10. , 1981b: Taxonomic studies on theDisinae. 2. A revision of the genusBrownleea Lindl. — South African J. Bot.47: 337–371.

    Google Scholar 

  11. , 1990: Floral morphology and phylogeny of theDisinae (Orchidaceae). — Bot. J. Linn. Soc.102: 287–302.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Marloth, R., 1908: Some observations on entomophilous flowers. — South African J. Sci.4: 110–113.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Oldroyd, H., 1957: The horseflies of the Ethiopian region.III. SubfamiliesChrysopinae, Scepsidinae, andPangoniinae and a revised classification. — London: British Museum (Natural History).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Rebelo, A. G., Siegfried, W. R., Oliver, E. G. H., 1985: Pollination syndromes ofErica species in the south-western Cape. — South African J. Bot.51: 270–280.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Steiner, K. E., 1989: The pollination ofDisperis (Orchidaceae) by oil-collecting bees in southern Africa. — Lindleyana4: 164–183.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Vogel, S., 1954: Blütenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung. — Bot. Studien1. — Jena: Fischer.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Johnson, S.D., Steiner, K.E. Long-proboscid fly pollination of two orchids in the Cape Drakensberg mountains, South Africa. Pl Syst Evol 195, 169–175 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00989293

Download citation

Key words

  • Orchidaceae
  • Disa
  • Brownleea
  • Nemestrinidae
  • Prosoeca
  • Pollination
  • functional morphology
  • long-proboscid flies
  • Flora of southern Africa