Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 715–725 | Cite as

Dose-response relationship for two components of the sex pheromone of lightbrown apple moth,Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

  • T. E. Bellas
  • R. J. Bartell
Article

Abstract

Bioassay studies with mixtures of the two components from the sex pheromone ofE. postvittana are used to construct a dose-response surface. The surface clearly shows the existence of a response maximum and that an optimum ratio of the two components applies over a wide range of concentrations. Probit transformations of the same data are used to construct an isobologram. The isobole has a sharp minimum at a ratio for the two components close to the ratio produced by the females.

Key words

Epiphyas postvittana Lepidoptera Tortricidae sex pheromone dose-response surface isobole male response 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akima, H. 1973. A method of bivariate interpolation and smooth surface fitting based on local procedures. U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Telecommunications, OT Report 73–7.Google Scholar
  2. Bake, T.C., Meyer, W., andRoelofs, W.L. 1981. Sex pheromone dosage and blend specificity of response by oriental fruit moth males.Entomol. Exp. App. 30:269–279.Google Scholar
  3. Bartell, R.J., andLawrence, L.A. 1973. Reduction in responsiveness of males ofEpiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera) to sex pheromone following previous brief pheromonal exposure.J. Insect Physiol. 19:845–855.Google Scholar
  4. Bartell, R.J., andLawrence, L.A. 1977. Reduction in responsiveness of male light-brown apple moths,Epiphyas postvittana, to sex pheromone following pulsed pre-exposure to pheromone components.Physiol. Entomol. 2:89–95.Google Scholar
  5. Bartell, R.J., andRoelofs, W.L. 1973. Evidence for natural secondary compounds which modify the response of males of the redbanded leafroller to female sex pheromone.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 66:481–483.Google Scholar
  6. Bartell, R.J., andShorey, H.H. 1969. A quantitative bioassay for the sex pheromone ofEpiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera) and factors limiting male responsiveness.J. Insect Physiol. 15:33–40.Google Scholar
  7. Bellas, T.E., Bartell, R.J., andHill, A. 1983. Identification of the sex pheromone of the moth,Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 9:503–512.Google Scholar
  8. Cardé, R.T., Cardé, A.M., Hill, A.S., andRoelofs, W.L. 1977. Sex pheromone specificity as a reproductive isolating mechanism among the sibling speciesArchips argyrospilus andA. mortuanus and other sympatric Tortricine moths (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 3:71–84.Google Scholar
  9. Finney, D.J. 1971.In Probit Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Geier, P.W., andSprinoett, B.P. 1976. Population characteristics of Australian leafrollers (Epiphyas spp., Lepidoptera) infesting orchards.Aust. J. Ecol. 1:129–144.Google Scholar
  11. Hewlett, P.S. 1969. Measurement of the potencies of drug mixtures.Biometrics 25:477–487.Google Scholar
  12. Loewe, S., andMuischnek, H. 1926. Über Kombinationswirkungen.Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Arch. Pharmacol. 114:313–326.Google Scholar
  13. Miller, J.R., andRoelofs, W.L. 1980. Individual variation in sex pheromone component ratios in two populations of the redbanded leafroller moth,Argyrotaenia velutinana.Environ. Entomol. 9:359–363.Google Scholar
  14. Miller, J.R., Baker, T.C., Cardé, R.T., andRoelofs, W.L. 1976. Reinvestigation of the oak leaf roller sex pheromone components and the hypothesis that they vary with diet.Science 192:140–143.Google Scholar
  15. Morse, P.M. 1978. Some comments on the assessment of joint action in herbicide mixtures.Weed Sci. 26:58–71.Google Scholar
  16. Persoons, C.J., Voerman, S., Verwiel, P.E.J., Ritter, F.J., Nooyen, W.J., andMinks, A.K. 1976. Sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm moth,Phthorimaea operculella: Isolation, identification and field evaluation.Entomol. Exp. Appl. 20:289–300.Google Scholar
  17. Roelofs, W.L. 1978. Threshold hypothesis for pheromone perception.J. Chem. Ecol. 4:685–699.Google Scholar
  18. Roelofs, W. 1979. Production and perception of lepidopterous pheromone blends, pp. 159–168.in R.J. Ritter (ed.). Chemical Ecology: Odour Communication in Animals. Elsevier/ North Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  19. Tamaki, Y. 1977. Complexity, diversity, and specificity of behavior-modifying chemicals in Lepidoptera and Diptera, pp. 253–285.in H.H. Shorey and J.J. McElvey, Jr. (eds). Chemical Control of Insect Behavior. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Tammes, P.M.L. 1964. Isoboles, a graphic representation of synergism in pesticides.Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 70:73–80.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. E. Bellas
    • 1
  • R. J. Bartell
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of EntomologyC.S.I.R.O.CanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations