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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 206, Issue 1–4, pp 223–242 | Cite as

Chemosystematics ofSuillaceae andGomphidiaceae (suborderSuillineae)

  • Helmut Besl
  • Andreas Bresinsky
Article

Abstract

The chemotaxonomic findings relating to the generaBoletinus, Suillus, Gastroboletus, Gomphidius, andChroogomphus are summarized and discussed, using published data as well as our own hitherto unpublished evidence of pigments and chromogens. The study confirms repeatedly made claims that these genera are closely related. In addition to the presence of pigments which are typical for most members of theBoletales (e.g., pulvinic acid derivatives, terphenyl quinones, cyclopentenones), prenylated phenols and quinones can also be constantly detected here (with the exception ofBoletinus), just as inRhizopogon. Accordingly,Suillus is more closely related to theGomphidiaceae andRhizopogonaceae than to the remaining boletes. It is therefore necessary to establish a new family (Suillaceae which includeBoletinus, Suillus, andGastrosuillus) and a new suborder (Suillineae which includeSuillaceae, Gomphidiaceae, andRhizopogonaceae) within theBoletales.

Key words

Boletales Suillineae subordo nov. Suillaceae fam. nova Gomphidiaceae Boletinus Suillus Fuscoboletinus Gastroboletus Gastrosuillus Chemosystematics pigments 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut Besl
    • 1
  • Andreas Bresinsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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