Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 519–531 | Cite as

Trapping the western pine beetle at and near a source of synthetic attractive pheromone Effects of trap size and position

  • P. E. Tilden
  • W. D. Bedard
  • D. L. Wood
  • K. Q. Lindahl
  • P. A. Rauch
Article

Abstract

Western pine beetles were caught on unbaited sticky traps placed near a source ofexo-brevicomin, frontalin, and myrcene. Size of trap, distance and direction from the source of attractant, and height from the ground were varied. Significant differences in trap catch were observed in relation to each of the variables. Traps close to the source of attractant caught more beetles than traps farther from the source. Traps downwind of the source of attractant caught more beetles than did upwind traps. More males than females were trapped close to the source of attractant.

Key words

Pinus ponderosa Dendroctonus brevicomis western pine beetle attractant pheromone behavior traps Coleoptera Scolytidae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aylor, D.E., Paslangef, J., andGranett, J. 1976. Turbulent dispersion of disparlure in the forest and male gypsy moth response.Environ. Entomol. 5:1026–1032.Google Scholar
  2. Bedard, W.D., andBrowne, L.E. 1969. A delivery-trapping system for evaluating insect chemical attractants in nature.J. Econ. Entomol. 62:1202–1203.Google Scholar
  3. Bedard, W.D., andWood, D.L. 1974. Programs utilizing pheromones in survey and control: Bark beetles—the western pine beetle, p. 441–449,in M.C. Birch (ed.). Pheromones. North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  4. Chapman, J.A. 1962. Field studies on attack flight and log selection by the ambrosia beetleTrypodendron lineatum (Oliv.) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Can. Entomol. 94:74–92.Google Scholar
  5. Coster, J.E., andGara, R.I. 1968. Studies on the attack behavior of the southern pine beetle. II. Response to attractive host material.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 24:51–66.Google Scholar
  6. Gara, R.I. 1963. Studies on the flight behavior ofIpsconfusus (LeC.) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in response to attractive material.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 22:51–66.Google Scholar
  7. Gara, R.I., Vité, J.P., andCramer, H.H. 1965. Manipulation ofDendroctonus frontalis by use of a population aggregating pheromone.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 23:55–66.Google Scholar
  8. Goeden, R.H., andMorris, D.M. Jr. 1964. Attraction ofScolytus quadrispinosus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) toCarya spp. for oviposition.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 57:141–146.Google Scholar
  9. Kellogg, F.E., Frizel, D.E., andWright, R.H. 1962. The olfactory guidance of flying insects. IV. Drosophila.Can. Entomol. 94:884–892.Google Scholar
  10. Kennedy, J.S. 1977. Olfactory responses to distant plant and other odor sources, p. 67–91,in H.H. Shorey and J.J. McKelvey, Jr. (eds.). Chemical Control of Insect Behavior. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Koerber, T.W. (compiler). 1976. Lindane in forestry ... a continuing controversy. U.S. Forest Serv. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Expt. Sta. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-14. 30 pages.Google Scholar
  12. Lanier, G.N., Silverstein, R.M., andPeacock, J.W. 1976. Attractant pheromone of the European elm bark beetle (Scolytus multistriatus): Isolation, identification, synthesis, and utilization studies, p. 149–175,in J.F. Anderson and H.K. Kaya (eds.). Perspectives in Forest Entomology. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Lehmann, E.L. 1975. Nonparametrics: Statistical Methods Based on Ranks. Holden-Day, Inc., San Francisco, 457 pages.Google Scholar
  14. McMullen, L.H., andAtkins, M.D. 1962. On the flight and host tree selection of the Douglas-fir beetle,Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopk. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Can. Entomol. 94:1309–1325.Google Scholar
  15. Miller, J.M., andKeen, F.P. 1960. Biology and control of the western pine beetle. U.S. Forest Serv. Misc. Publ. 800. Washington D.C. 381 pages.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, R.G. 1966. Simultaneous Statistical Inference. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 272 pages.Google Scholar
  17. Person, H.L. 1931. Theory in explanation of the selection of certain trees by the western pine beetle.J. For. 29:696–699.Google Scholar
  18. Rudinsky, J.A. 1963. Response ofDendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins to volatile attractants.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 22:23–38.Google Scholar
  19. Rudinsky, J.A. 1966. Host selection and invasion by the Douglas-fir beetle,Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins, in coastal Douglas-fir forests.Can. Entomol. 98:98–111.Google Scholar
  20. Seybert, J.P., andGara, R.I. 1970. Notes of flight and host-selection of the pine engraver,Ips pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 63:947–950.Google Scholar
  21. Tate, N.L., andBedard, W.D. 1967. Methods of sexing live adult western pine beetles.J. Econ. Entomol. 60:1688–1690.Google Scholar
  22. Traynier, R.M.M. 1968. Sex attraction in the Mediterranean flour moth,Anagasta kühniella: Location of the female by the male.Can. Entomol. 100:5–10.Google Scholar
  23. Tukey, J.M. 1962. The future of data analysis.Ann. Math. Statist. 33:1–67.Google Scholar
  24. Vité, J.P., andGara, R.I. 1961. A field method for observation on olfactory responses of bark beetles (Scolytidae) to volatile materials.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 21:175–182.Google Scholar
  25. Vité, J.P., andGara, R.I. 1962. Volatile attractants from ponderosa pine attacked by bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 21:251–273.Google Scholar
  26. Wood, D.L. 1972. Selection and colonization of ponderosa pine bark beetles, p. 101–117,in H.F. Van Emden (ed.) Insect/ Plant Relationships; Symposia of the Royal Emtomol. Soc. of London, No. 6. Blackwell, London.Google Scholar
  27. Wood, D.L., Browne, L.E., Ewing, B., Lindahl, K., Bedard, W.D., Tilden, P.E., Mori, K., Pitman, G.B., andHughes, P.R. 1976. Western pine beetle: Specificity among enantiomers of male and female components of an attractant pheromone.Science 192:896–898.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. E. Tilden
    • 1
  • W. D. Bedard
    • 1
  • D. L. Wood
    • 2
  • K. Q. Lindahl
    • 3
  • P. A. Rauch
    • 2
  1. 1.U.S. Department of AgriculturePacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest ServiceBerkeley
  2. 2.Department of Entomological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley
  3. 3.Group in BiostatisticsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley

Personalised recommendations