Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 535–543 | Cite as

Exocrine secretions of bees

IV. Macrocyclic lactones and isopentenyl esters in Dufour's gland secretions ofNomia bees (Hymenoptera: Halictidae)
  • R. M. Duffield
  • W. E. LaBerge
  • J. H. Cane
  • J. W. Wheeler
Article

Abstract

The volatile components of Dufour's gland extracts were analyzed in four species of NearcticNomia bees;Nomia (Dieunomia)heteropoda, N. (Tetrazonata)tetrazonata, N. (Epinomia)nevadensis, andN. (Epinomia)triangulifera. A homologous series of five saturated macrocyclic lactones ranging from C18 to C26 was identified. A series of esters (branched C5-alkenols and fatty acids) was also identified in all species investigated. Two of these esters are new natural products reported for bees. A discussion of the significance of the Dufour's gland secretion for halictid systematics and its function in the Halictidae is also presented.

Key words

Bees Nomia Dufour's gland exocrine products macrocyclic lactones isopentenyl esters systematics mass spectrometry 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Duffield
    • 1
  • W. E. LaBerge
    • 2
  • J. H. Cane
    • 3
  • J. W. Wheeler
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyHoward UniversityWashington, D.C.
  2. 2.Section of Faunistic Surveys and Insect IdentificationState Natural History SurveyUrbana
  3. 3.Department of EntomologyUniversity of KansasLawrence
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryHoward UniversityWashington, D.C.

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