Skip to main content
Log in

Chemical attractants for the smaller european elm bark beetleScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

  • Published:
Journal of Chemical Ecology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The secondary attractant for the smaller European elm bark beetleScolytus multistriatus is a mixture of three compounds: (-)4-methyl-3-heptanol(I); 2,4-dimethyl-5-ethyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1) octane (II); and (−)α-cubebene (III). The novel structure assigned to compound II was confirmed by synthesis. All three compounds were isolated from the volatile compounds collected on Porapak Q by aerating elm bolts infested with virgin female beetles. The GLC fractionations were monitored by two laboratory bioassays. Individually, each compound was inactive in the laboratory bioassays, but a mixture of all three showed activity nearly equivalent to that of the of the original Porapak extract. A mixture of synthetic I and II plus natural III (from cubeb oil) was highly attractive to beetles in preliminary field tests.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Borden, J.H., andStokkink, E. 1971. Secondary attraction in the Scolytidae: an annotated bibliography.Information Report B C-X-57. Canadian Department of Fisheries and Forestry, June 1971, 77 pp.

  • Byrne, K.J., Gore, W.E., Pearce, G.T., andSilverstein, R.M. 1975. Porapak-Q collection of airborne organic compounds serving as models for insect pheromones.J. Chem. Ecol. 1:1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dale, J.A., Dull, D.L., andMosher, H.S. 1969. α-Methoxy-α-trifluoromethylphenyl acetic acid, a versatile reagent for the determination of enantiomeric composition of alcohols and amines.J. Org. Chem. 34:2543–2549.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kinzer, G.W., Fentiman, A.F. Jr., Page, T.E. Jr., Foltz, R.L., Vité, J.P., andPitman, G.B. 1969. Bark beetle attractants: identification, synthesis, and field bioassay of a new compound isolated fromDendroctonus.Nature 221:477–478.

    Google Scholar 

  • Martin, C.H. 1936. Preliminary report of trap log studies on elm bark beetles.J. Econ. Entomol. 29:297–306.

    Google Scholar 

  • Meyer, H.J., andNorris, D.M. 1967. Behavioral responses byScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to host-(ulmus) and beetle-associated chemotactic stimuli.Am. Entomol. Soc. Am. 60:642–647.

    Google Scholar 

  • Moeck, H.A. 1970. An olfactometer for the bioassay of attractants for scolytids.Can. Entomol. 102:792–796.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ohta, Y., Sakai, T., andHirose, Y. 1966. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons from the oil of cubeb, α-cubebene and β-cubebene.Tet. Letters 1966:6365–6370.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peacock, J.W., Cuthbert, R.A., Gore, W.E., Lanier, G.N., Pearce, G.T., andSilverstein, R.M. 1975. Collection on Porapak Q of the aggregation pheromone ofScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)J. Chem. Ecol. 1:149–160.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peacock, J.W., Lincoln, A.C., Simeone, J.B., andSilverstein, R.M. 1971. Attraction ofScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to a virgin female-produced pheromone in the field.Am. Entomol. Soc. Am. 64:1143–1149.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peacock, J.W., Silverstein, R.M., Lincoln, A.C., andSimeone, J.B. 1973. Laboratory investigations of the frass ofScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) as a source of a pheromone.Environ. Entomol. 2:355–359.

    Google Scholar 

  • Piers, E., Britton, R.W., andDewaal, W. 1971. Total synthesis of (±)-α-cubebene and (±)-β-cubebene.Can. J. Chem. 49:12–19.

    Google Scholar 

  • Silverstein, R.M. 1970. Attractant pheromones of Coleoptera, pp. 21–40,in Morton Beroza (ed.),Chemicals controlling insect behavior. Academic Press, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Silverstein, R.M., Brownlee, R.G., Bellas, T.E., Wood, D.L. andBrowne, L.E. 1968. Brevicomin: Principal sex attractant in the frass of the female western pine beetle.Science 159:889–891.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tanaka, A., Tanaka, R., Uda, H., andYoshikoshi, A. 1972. Synthesis of cubebene-type sesquiterpenoids and the stereochemistry of cubebol.J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Transactions 1:1721–1727.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veldhuis, M.K., andHunter, G.L.K. 1967. Nomenclature of ylangene, copaene, and cubebene.J. Food Sci. 32:697.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vité, J.P. (ed.) 1970. Symposium on population attractants.Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 24:249–350.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vlakhov, R., Holub, M., Ognyanov, I., andHerout, V. 1967. Sesquiterpenic hydrocarbons from the essential oil ofMentha piperita of Bulgarian origin.Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun. 32:808–821.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Supported in part by a cooperative research grant to the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, New York, from the USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, and from the Elm Research Institute, Harrisville, New Hampshire.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pearce, G.T., Gore, W.E., Silverstein, R.M. et al. Chemical attractants for the smaller european elm bark beetleScolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J Chem Ecol 1, 115–124 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00987724

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00987724

Key words

Navigation