Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 153–160 | Cite as

Sex pheromone of a conifer-feeding budworm,Choristoneura retiniana, Walsingham

  • G. E. Daterman
  • H. T. Cory
  • L. L. Sower
  • G. D. DavesJr.


Sex pheromone components collected from femaleChristoneura retiniana included 11-tetradecenyl acetates and alcohols. The major component wasE-11-tetradecenyl acetate (E11–14∶Ac) with a lesser amount ofZ isomer necessary to induce male response. A 92∶8 ratio ofE,Z11–14∶ Ac appeared optimal. The alcohol component was present at about 10% of the total pheromone mixture, and traps baited with acetates plus alcohol surpassed unmated females in their degree of attractiveness. Chemical analysis indicated a 9∶:1 ratio of theE — Z isomers of 11-tetradecenyl alcohol (11–14∶ol) pheromone components, although bait formulations containing a predominance of either theE orZ isomers were equally successful in field bioassays. Based on male response to traps,E- andZ11–14∶Ac (92∶8E — Z) are essential pheromone components for long-range sex attraction. The 11–14∶ ol enhanced attraction when added at 10% of the total pheromone blend.

Key words

Choristoneura retiniana Lepidoptera Tortricidae sex pheromone sex attractant forset insects Tortricidae insect behavior E- andZ-11-tetradecenyl acetates E- andZ-11-tetradecenol 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Daterman
    • 1
  • H. T. Cory
    • 2
  • L. L. Sower
    • 1
  • G. D. DavesJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.USDA, Forest ServicePacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment StationCorvallis
  2. 2.University of Oregon Medical SchoolPortland
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryLehigh UniversityBethlehem

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