Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 1049–1056 | Cite as

Analysis of field-weathered lures containing (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate, a sex attractant for the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.)

  • A. R. Greenway
  • S. A. Davis
  • M. C. Smith
Article

Abstract

Natural rubber stoppers treated with 1, 3, or 10 mg of (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate, an attractant for male pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.), were exposed in the field during the summer of 1978 and samples analyzed at intervals. The results for all three doses fitted well to first-order loss curves with half-lives of 63.5, 64.7, and 67.3 days, respectively. Thus, lures with an initial dose of 3 mg of the attractant retained approximately 1 mg after 3 months of field exposure; they should therefore maintain a constant level of attractiveness throughout this period because previous field studies showed that moths were equally responsive to fresh lures containing between 1 and 10 mg of the attractant. There was no loss of attractant during the preparation of lures or after 4 months at −15 ° C and only 13% was lost during 3 months of storage at room temperature.

Key words

Pea moth Cydia nigricana (F.) Lepidoptera Olethreutidae sex attractant (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate lure formulation monitoring 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Butler, L.I. andMcDonough, L.M. 1979. Insect sex pheromones: Evaporation rates of acetates from natural rubber septa.J. Chem. Ecol. 5:825–837.Google Scholar
  2. Flint, H.M., Butler, L., McDonough, L.M., Smith, R.L., andForey, D.E. 1978. Pink bollworm: Response to various emission rates of gossyplure in the field.Environ. Entomol. 7:57–61.Google Scholar
  3. Gould, H.J., andLegowski, T.J. 1964. Spray warnings for pea moth (Laspeyresia nigricana Steph.) based on its biology in the field.Ent. Exp. Appl. 7:131–138.Google Scholar
  4. Greenway, A.R., Lewis, T., Macaulay, E.D.M., Sturgeon, D.M., andWall, C. 1976. Pea moth: Sex attractants for early warning and control.ARC Res. Rev. 2:80–83.Google Scholar
  5. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1980.Rothamsted Report for 1979, Part 1, p. 117.Google Scholar
  6. Greenway, A.R., andWall, C. 1981. Attractant lures for males of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana (F.), containing (E)-10-dodecen-1-yl acetate and (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate.J. Chem. Ecol. 7:563–573.Google Scholar
  7. Macaulay, E.D.M. 1977. Field trials with attractant traps for timing sprays to control pea moth.Plant Pathol. 26:179–188.Google Scholar
  8. Maitlen, J.C., McDonough, L.M., Moffitt, H.R., andGeorge, D.A. 1976. Codling moth sex pheromone: Baits for mass trapping and population survey.Environ. Entomol. 5:199–202.Google Scholar
  9. Phillips, F.T. 1971. Persistence of organochlorine insecticides on different substrates under different environmental conditions. 1. The rates of loss of dieldrin and aldrin by volatilisation from glass surfaces.Pestic. Sci. 2:255–266.Google Scholar
  10. Wall, C. andGreenway, A.R. 1981. An effective lure for use in pheromone monitoring traps for the pea moth.Cydia nigricana (F.).Plant Pathol. 30:73–76.Google Scholar
  11. Wall, C., Greenway, A.R., andBurt, P.E. 1976. Electroantennographic and field responses of the pea moth,Cydia nigricana, to sex attractants and related compounds.Physiol. Entomol. 1:151–157.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Greenway
    • 1
  • S. A. Davis
    • 1
  • M. C. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Insecticides and FungicidesRothamsted Experimental StationHarpendenUK

Personalised recommendations