Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 59–63 | Cite as

Volatile fatty acids of frass of certain omnivorous insects

  • J. E. McFarlane
  • I. Alli


The frass of the following omnivorous insects reared on natural and artificial diets was analyzed for volatile fatty acids:Blattella germanica, Acheta domesticus, Blaberus discoidalis. Acetic, propionic, isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric, and valeric acids were identified in all frass samples. The possible significance of volatile fatty acids in frass is discussed.

Key words

Volatile fatty acids frass Dictyoptera Orthoptera Blattella germanica Acheta domesticus Blaberus discoidalis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Breznak, J.A. 1982. Intestinal microbiota of termites and other xylophagous insects.Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 36:323–343.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. McFarlane, J.E. 1984. The repellent effect of volatile fatty acids on the frass on larvae of the German cockroach,Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 10(11):000.Google Scholar
  3. McFarlane, J.E., andDistler, M.H.W. 1982. The effect of rutin on growth, fecundity and food utilization inAcheta domesticus (L.).J. Insect Physiol. 28:85–88.Google Scholar
  4. McFarlane, J.E., Steeves, E., andAlli, I. 1983. Aggregation of larvae of the house cricket,Acheta domesticus (L.), by propionic acid present in the excreta.J. Chem. Ecol. 9:1307–1315.Google Scholar
  5. Odelson, D.A., andBreznak, J.A. 1983. Volatile fatty acid production by the hindgut microbiota of xylophagous termites.Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45:1602–1613.Google Scholar
  6. Phillips, J.E. 1981. Comparative physiology of insect renal function.Am. J. Physiol. 241:R241-R247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Senshu, T., Nakamura, K., Sawa, A., Miura, H., andMatsumoto, T. 1980. Inoculum for in vitro rumen fermentation and composition of volatile fatty acids.J. Dairy Sci. 63:305–312.Google Scholar
  8. Ulrich, R.G., Buthala, D.A., andKlug, M.J. 1981. Microbiota associated with the gastrointestinal tract of the common house cricket,Acheta domestica.Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 41:246–254.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. McFarlane
    • 1
  • I. Alli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyMcGill UniversitySte. Anne de BellevueCanada
  2. 2.Departmerit of Agricultural Chemistry and PhysicsMcGill UniversityCanada

Personalised recommendations