Advertisement

Lifestyles

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 123–144 | Cite as

Stress and coping of adults and young adults in economically uncertain rural areas

  • Dorothy Z. Price
  • Lonnie J. Dunlap
Article

Abstract

This paper discusses the degree and type of stress experienced by adults and young adults, coping strategies used, and their family, financial, and community satisfaction in economically distressed rural counties. Data were analyzed from questionnaires completed by 447 adults and 118 young adults. Results indicate greater perceived stress, use of some less effective coping strategies, and less satisfaction among young adults. Both groups indicate similar numbers of stressful events and a generally positive perception of community social services.

Key words

Socioeconomic Stress Young Adults Community Social Services Rural Communities Coping Strategies 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Billings, A., & Moos, R. (1981). The role of coping responses and social resources in attenuating the stress of life events.Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 139–157.Google Scholar
  2. Borus, M. (1984). A description of employed and unemployed youth in 1981. In M. E. Borus (Ed.),Youth and the labor market (pp. 13–55). Kalamazoo, MI: W. E. Upjohn Institute.Google Scholar
  3. Burchinal, L. (1965).Rural youth in crisis: Facts, myths and social change. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Coward, R. (1983). Family life in small towns and rural communities: Persistence, change and diversity. In R. Craycroft and M. Fazio (Eds.),Change and tradition in the American small town (pp. 73–86). Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi.Google Scholar
  6. Desaran, F. (1984). Farm and rural nonfarm youth in the labor force: Some observations. In H. K. Schwarzweller (Ed.),Research in rural sociology and development (pp. 105–133), Vol. 1. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dohrenwend, B., Krasnoff, L., Askenasy, A., & Dohrenwend, B. (1978). Exemplification of a method for scaling life events: The PERI life events scale.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19, 205–229.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Falk, W. (1982). Rural youth and the labor force. In D. Dillman and D. Hobbs (Eds.),Rural society in the U.S.: Issues for the 1980's (pp. 94–102). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  9. Holmes, T., & Rahe, R. (1967). The social readjustment rating scale.The Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine, 11, 213–218.Google Scholar
  10. Kuvelsky, W., & Reynolds, D. (1970).Occupational aspirations and expectations of youth: A bibliography of research literature: Vol. 1. College Station, TX: Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Texas A & M University, Departmental Information Report 70–75.Google Scholar
  11. Murphy, L. (1962).The widening world of childhood. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  12. Olson, D., Sprenkle, D., & Russell, C. (1979). Circumplex model of marital and family systems I: Cohesion and adaptability dimensions, family types and clinical application.Family Process, 18, 3–28.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Powers, R., & Moe, E. (1982). The policy context for rural-oriented research. In D. Dillman and D. Hobbs (Eds.),Rural society in the U.S.: Issues for the 1980's (pp. 10–20). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  14. Rogers, D. (1982). Community services. In D. Dillman and D. Hobbs (Eds.),Rural society in the U.S.: Issues for the 1980's (pp. 146–155). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  15. Rosenblatt, P., & Keller, L. (1983). Economic vulnerability and economic stress in farm couples.Family Relations, 32, 567–573.Google Scholar
  16. Russell, C., Griffin, C., Flinchbaugh, C., Martin, M., & Atilano, R. (1985). Coping strategies associated with intergenerational transfer of the family farm.Rural Sociology, 50, 361–376.Google Scholar
  17. Santrock, J. (1984).Adolescence (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: William C. Brown.Google Scholar
  18. Sargent, M., McDermott, D., & Carlson, J. (1982). Attitudes towards family services in a rural state.Family Relations, 31, 91–97.Google Scholar
  19. Shea, B. (1976). Schooling and its antecedents: Substantive and methodological issues in the status attainment process.Review of Educational Research, 46, 463–526.Google Scholar
  20. Spencer, K., & Featherman, D. (1978). Achievement ambitions.Annual Review of Sociology, 4, 373–420.Google Scholar
  21. Sum, A., Harrington, P., & Goedicke, W. (1987). One-fifth of the nation's teenagers: Employment problems of poor youth in America, 1981–1985.Youth and Society, 18, 195–237.Google Scholar
  22. Voydanoff, P. (1984). Economic distress and families.Journal of Family Issues, 5, 273–288.Google Scholar
  23. Warner, P., & Burdge, R. (1979). Perceived adequacy of community services: A metrononmetro comparison.Rural Sociology, 44, 392–400.Google Scholar
  24. Willits, F., Bealer, R., & Crider, D. (1982). Persistence of rural/urban differences. In D. Dillman & D. Hobbs (Eds.),Rural society in the U.S.: Issues for the 1980's (pp. 69–76). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorothy Z. Price
    • 1
  • Lonnie J. Dunlap
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations