, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 111–122 | Cite as

Women's perceived stress and well-being following voluntary and involuntary relocation

  • Paula P. Makowsky
  • Alicia Skinner Cook
  • Peggy S. Berger
  • Judith Powell


This study investigated the relationship between voluntary and involuntary relocation and women's perceptions of stress and amount of control, as well as their satisfaction with personal well-being. Results indicated that involuntary movers felt significantly less control and had lower levels of satisfaction with the relationship with their spouses than did voluntary movers. Educational level and employment status were also explored in relation to the dependent variables. Women with high school/trade school education had significantly higher levels of perceived stress, feelings of less control, and lower levels of satisfaction with family life than women with more education.

Key words

Stress Relocation Geographic Mobility 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula P. Makowsky
    • 1
  • Alicia Skinner Cook
    • 2
  • Peggy S. Berger
    • 3
  • Judith Powell
    • 4
  1. 1.Catholic Social ServicesPhoenix
  2. 2.Colorado State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Colorado State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.University of WyomingUSA

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