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Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 5–17 | Cite as

Physical aggression after being crowded

  • Robert W. Matthews
  • Paul B. Paulus
  • Robert A. Baron
Article

Abstract

Subjects were given an opportunity to aggress using a Buss machine either immediately or 30 minutes after competing or cooperating on a task in a crowded or uncrowded situation. It was found that for subjects who were allowed to aggress immediately, crowding reduced aggression under the competitive set but had no effect under the cooperative set. This effect of crowding was not found with the delay subjects. The results of this study are consistent with the findings of other studies that social withdrawal rather than aggression may occur in response to aversively dense conditions. The lack of crowding effect after a 30-minute delay suggests that the effect of the laboratory crowding experience is transient in nature and best generalized to short-term crowding experiences such as those encountered on elevators and buses.

Keywords

Social Psychology Dense Condition Physical Aggression Social Withdrawal Delay Subject 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Matthews
    • 1
  • Paul B. Paulus
    • 1
  • Robert A. Baron
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlington
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyPurdue UniversityBloomington

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