, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 357–366 | Cite as

Using resistance resources to reduce stress: A study of rural Nevadans

  • Virginia A. Haldeman
  • Jeanne M. Peters


Based upon Antonovsky's conceptual model of resources as resistors to stress, seven personal and three environmental resistance resources are identified, and quantified. The resistance resources and measure of tension are used as the predictor variables in a stepwise multiple regression analysis to identify the factors which best predict stress. The four variables which are statistically significant in explaining variance in stress scores are satisfaction with family life, total number of life events experienced, age, and satisfaction with family finances.


Managing Stress Resistance Resources Rural Families 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Antonovsky, A. (1985).Health, stress, and coping. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Ballard, P., & Fuguitt, G. (1985). The changing small town settlement structure in the United States, 1900–1980.Rural Sociology, 50 99–113.Google Scholar
  3. Baum, A., Singer, J., & Baum, C. (1982). Stress and the environment. In G.W. Evans (Ed.),Environmental stress (pp. 15–44). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bender, L., Green, B., Hady, T., Kuehn, J., Nelson, M., Perkinson, L., & Ross, P. (1985).The diverse social and economic structure of nonmetropolitan America (Rural Development Research Report No. 49). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agriculture and Rural Economics Division.Google Scholar
  5. Bradshaw, T., & Blakely, E. (1982). The changing nature of rural America.Policy Studies Review, 2(1), 12–25.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, S., Karmarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24 385–396.Google Scholar
  7. Costa, P., & McCrae, R. (1983). Contribution of personality research to an understanding of stress and aging.Marriage and Family Review, 6(1/2), 157–173.Google Scholar
  8. Dobra, J., Atkinson, G., & Barone, R. (1983).An analysis of the economic impact of the mining industry on Nevada's economy. Reno: University of Nevada Reno, College of Business Administration, Bureau of Business Economic Research.Google Scholar
  9. Haldeman, V., & Peters, J. (1987).Three coping styles: A factor analysis of the Moos Coping Scale. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  10. Haldeman, V., Peters, J., & Martin, S. (1986). An analysis of perceived economic and psycho-social well-being of rural Nevada residents with and without investment income. In M. Ordman (Ed.),Proceedings of the International Association for Financial Planning Academic Symposium (pp. 37–50). Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  11. Moos, R., & Schaefer, J. (1986). Life transitions and crises: A conceptual overview. In R.H. Moos (Ed.),Coping with life crises: An integrated approach (pp. 3–28). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  12. Pearlin, L., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19 2–21.Google Scholar
  13. Preston, D., & Mansfield, P. (1984). An exploration of stressful life events, illness, and coping among the rural elderly.The Gerontologist, 24 490–494.Google Scholar
  14. Toll, D. (1981).The complete Nevada traveler: A guide to the state. Gold Hill, NV: Gold Hill Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  15. Waterhouse, I. (1984). Presidential address: Perspectives on stress, coping, and vulnerability.Australian Psychologist, 19(2), 115–133.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia A. Haldeman
    • 1
  • Jeanne M. Peters
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Nevada-RenoUSA

Personalised recommendations