Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 143, Issue 4, pp 285–292 | Cite as

Chemotaxonomical investigations of theSymphytum officinale polyploid complex andS. asperum (Boraginaceae): Phytosterols and triterpenoids

  • H. J. Huizing
  • Th. M. Malingré
  • Th. W. J. Gadella
  • E. Kliphuis
Article

Abstract

From a comparison of phytosterol and triterpenoid patterns of severalSymphytum officinale cytotypes,S. asperum and their interspecific hybrids,S. ×uplandicum, which were obtained from thin layer chromatography and gaschromatography (also in combination with mass spectrometry), the hybrid character of the latter taxon is clearly shown. The specific value of the triterpenoid isobauerenol as a chemotaxonomical marker within this group is discussed in some detail.

Key words

Angiosperms Boraginaceae Symphytum Phytosterols triterpenoids chemotaxonomy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Basler, A., 1972: Cytotaxonomische Untersuchungen an der Boraginaceen-GattungSymphytum L. — Untersuchungen an überwiegend norddeutschen Pflanzen der ArtenS. asperum Lepech,S. officinale L. undS. ×uplandicum Nym. — Bot. J.92, 508–553.Google Scholar
  2. Furuya, T., Hikichi, M., 1971: Alkaloids and triterpenoids ofSymphytum officinale L. — Phytochemistry10, 2217–2230.Google Scholar
  3. Gadella, Th. W. J., Kliphuis, E., 1975: Cytotaxonomic studies in the genusSymphytum VII. Some hybrids betweenS. asperum Lepech andS. officinale L. in Denmark. — Proc. Kon. Ned. Acad. Wet. ser. C. 70, 192–198.Google Scholar
  4. Huizing, H. J., Gadella, Th. W. J., Kliphuis, E., 1982: Chemotaxonomical investigations of theSymphytum officinale polyploid complex andS. asperum (Boraginaceae): The pyrrolizidine alkaloids. — Pl. Syst. Evol.140, 279–292.Google Scholar
  5. Roitman, J. W., 1981: Comfrey and liver damage. — The Lancet1981, 944.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Huizing
    • 1
  • Th. M. Malingré
    • 1
  • Th. W. J. Gadella
    • 2
  • E. Kliphuis
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Galenic PharmacyGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of BiosystematicsTransitorium IIIUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations