Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 192, Issue 3–4, pp 263–277 | Cite as

Phylogenetic relationships among genera in theLiliaceae-Asparagoideae-Polygonatae s.l. inferred fromrbcL gene sequence data

  • Zabta Khan Shinwari
  • Hidetoshi Kato
  • Ryohei Terauchi
  • Shoichi Kawano
Article

Abstract

The chloroplast gene encoding ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate-carboxylase (rbcL) was sequenced for phylogenetic analysis of 13 species (10 genera) in the tribePolygonatae s.l. of theLiliaceae-Asparagoideae. The data were analysed using maximum parsimony and neighbour-joining methods. There were 233 phylogenetically informative sites out of 1368 base pairs compared. The results suggest that there are three monophyletic groups withinPolygonatae s.l. with high bootstrap confidence values. Group A representsPolygonatae s.str., with generaMaianthemum, Smilacina, Convallaria, Disporopsis, andPolygonatum. Group B containsUvularia andDisporum and group C includesStreptopus, Tricyrtis, Clintonia, andProsartes. The study suggests thatPolygonatae s.l. are not a monophyletic group, including at least three groups of different phylogenetic origin. Monophyly of the taxa within groups A, B, and C is supported by the high bootstrap confidence values (85–100%) of the bootstrap replications for both parsimony and neighbour-joining methods. The differences between each group (calculated as 100x base substitutions per site) were 6.99–9.03 for group A and B, 4.92–7.35 for A and C, and 6.66–7.57 for B and C.

Key words

Liliaceae Asparagoideae Polygonatae Phylogeny cpDNA rbcL sequences 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albert, V. A., Chase, M. W., Mishler, B. D., 1993: Character state weighting for cladistic analysis of protein-coding DNA sequences. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 753–766.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, J. G., 1875: Revision of the genera and species ofAsparagaceae. — J. Linn. Soc.14: 508–632.Google Scholar
  3. —, 1879: A synopsis of theColchicaceae and the aberrant tribes ofLiliales. — J. Linn. Soc.17: 405–510.Google Scholar
  4. Bentham, G., Hooker, J. D., 1883: Genera Plantarum.3: 748–837. — London: Reeve.Google Scholar
  5. Berg, R. Y., 1962a: Morphology and taxonomic position ofMedeola, Liliaceae. — Skr. Norw. Vidensk Akad. Oslo.3: 1–55.Google Scholar
  6. —, 1962b: Contribution to the comparative embryology of theLiliaceae: Scoliopus, Trillium, Paris, Medeola. — Skr. Norw. Vidensk Akad. Oslo.4: 1–64.Google Scholar
  7. Björnstad, I. N., 1970: Comparative embryology ofAsparagoideae-Polygonateae-Liliaceae. — Nytt. Mag. Bot.17: 169–207.Google Scholar
  8. Bousquet, J., Strauss, S. H., Li, P., 1992: Complete congruence between morphological andrbcL-based molecular phylogenetics in birches and related species ofBetulaceae. — Mol. Biol. Evol.9: 1076–1088.Google Scholar
  9. Chase, M. W., Soltis, D. E., Olmstead, R. G., Morgan, D., Les, D. H., Mishler, B. D., Duvall, M. R., Price, R. A., Hills, H. G., Qiu, Y., Kron, K. A., Rettig, J. H., Conti, E., Palmer, J. D., Manhart, J. R., Sytsma, K. J., Michaels, H. J., Kress, W. J., Karol, K. G., Clark, W. D., Hedren, M., Gaut, B. S., Jansen, R. K., Kim, K., Wimpee, C. F., Smith, J. F., Furnier, G. R., Strauss, S. H., Xiang, Q., Plunkett, G. M., Soltis, P. S., Swensen, S. M., Williams, S. E., Gadek, P. A., Quinn, C. J., Eguiarte, L. E., Golenberg, E., Learn, G. H., Graham, S. W., Barrett, S. C. H., Dayanandan, S., Albert, V. A., 1993: Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid generbcL. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 528–580.Google Scholar
  10. Conover, M. V., 1983: The vegetative morphology of the reticulate-veinedLiliiflorae. — Telopea2: 401–412.Google Scholar
  11. —, 1991: Epidermal patterns of the reticulate-veinedLiliiflorae and their parallel veined allies. — Bot. J. Linn. Soc.107: 295–312.Google Scholar
  12. Conran, J. G., 1987: A phenetic study of the relationship ofDrymophila R. Br. within the reticulate veinedLiliiflorae. — Austral. J. Bot.35: 283–300.Google Scholar
  13. —, 1989: Cladistic analysis of some net-veinedLiliiflorae. — Pl. Syst. Evol.168: 123–141.Google Scholar
  14. Conti, E., Fischbach, A., Sytsma, K. J., 1993: Tribal relationships inOnagraceae: implications fromrbcL sequence data. — Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 672–685.Google Scholar
  15. Dahlgren, R. M. T., Clifford, H. T., 1982: The monocotyledons—a comparative study. — London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. —, —, Yeo, P. F., 1985: The families of monocotyledons, structure, evolution, and taxonomy. — Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Doebley, J., Durbin, H., Golenberg, E. D., Clegg, M. T., Ma, D. P., 1990: Evolutionary analysis of the large subunit of carboxylase (rbcL) nucleotide sequences among the grasses (Graminae). — Evolution44: 1097–1108.Google Scholar
  18. Don, D., 1825: Prodromus florae napalensis. — London.Google Scholar
  19. —, 1841: A monograph ofStreptopus, with the description of a new genus first separated from it. — Trans. Linn. Soc. (London)18: 525–534.Google Scholar
  20. Dumortier, B. C., 1829: Analyse des familes des plantes. — Aine: Tournay.Google Scholar
  21. Duvall, M. R., Clegg, M. T., Chase, M. W., Clark, W. D., Kress, W. J., Hills, H. G., Eguiarte, L. E., Smith, J. F., Gaut, B. S., Zimmer, E. A., Learn, G. H., 1993a: Phylogenetic hypothesis for the monocotyledons constructed from therbcL sequence data. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 607–619.Google Scholar
  22. —, Learn, G. H., Eguiarte, L. E., Clegg, M. T., 1993b: Phylogenetic analysis ofrbcL sequences identifiesAcorus calamus as the primal extant monocotyledon. — Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA90: 4641–4644.Google Scholar
  23. Fedorov, A. A., (Ed.), 1969: Chromosome numbers of flowering plants. — Acad. Sci. USSR, V. L. Komorov Botanical Institute Leningrad.Google Scholar
  24. Felsenstein, J., 1992: PHYLIP (Phylogeny Inference Package) version 3.4.Google Scholar
  25. Fitch, W. M., 1977: On the problem of discovering the most parsimonious tree. — Amer. Naturalist111: 223–257.Google Scholar
  26. Gaut, B. S., Muse, S. V., Clark, W. D., Clegg, M. T., 1992: Relative rates of nucleotide substitution at therbcL locus of monocotyledonous plants. — J. Mol. Evol.35: 292–303.Google Scholar
  27. Giannasi, D. E., Zurawski, G., Learn, G. H., Clegg, M. T., 1992: Evolutionary relationships of theCaryophillidae based on comparativerbcL sequences. — Syst. Bot.17: 1–5.Google Scholar
  28. Goldberg, A., 1989: Classification, evolution, and phylogeny of the families of monocotyledons. — Smithsonian Contr. Bot.71: 1–74.Google Scholar
  29. Hara, H., 1987: Notes towards a revision of the Asiatic species of genusSmilacina. — J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo III.,14: 137–159.Google Scholar
  30. —, 1988: A revision of the Asiatic species of the genusDisporum. — Univ. Mus. Bull. (Univ. Tokyo)31: 163–209.Google Scholar
  31. Heng, L., 1990: Infrageneric systems of the genusMaianthemum. — Acta Bot. Yunn., Suppl.3: 1–12.Google Scholar
  32. Hong, D., Zhu, X., 1990: Report on karyotypes of 6 species in 4 genera ofPolygonatae from China. — Acta Phytotaxon. Sinica28: 185–198.Google Scholar
  33. Howe, C. J., Fearnley, I. M., Walter, J. E., Dyer, T. A., Gray, J. C., 1985: Nucleotide sequences of the genes for the alpha, beta, and epsilon subunits of wheat chloroplast ATP synthase. — Pl. Mol. Biol.4: 333–345.Google Scholar
  34. Huber, H., 1969: Die Samenmerkmale und Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Liliifloren. — Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München8: 219–539.Google Scholar
  35. Hutchinson, J., 1959: The families of flowering plants2: 591–621. — Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  36. Jones, Q., 1951: A cytotaxonomic study of the genusDisporum in North America. — Contr. Gray Herb.173: 1–40.Google Scholar
  37. Kimura, M., 1981: Estimation of evolutionary distances between homologous nucleotide sequences. — Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA78: 454–458.Google Scholar
  38. Khokhryakov, A. P., 1975: Somatic evolution of the monocotyledons. — Moscow: Nauka. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  39. Krause, K., 1930:Liliaceae. — InEngler, A., Prantle, K., (Eds): Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, pp. 227–391. — Leipzig: Engelmann.Google Scholar
  40. Kron, K. A., Chase, M. W., 1993: Systematics of theEricaceae, Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, and related taxa based uponrbcL sequence data. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 735–741.Google Scholar
  41. LaFrankie, J. V., 1986: Transfer of the species ofSmilacina toMaianthemum (Liliaceae). — Taxon35: 584–589.Google Scholar
  42. Michaels, H. J., Scott, K. M., Olmstead, R. G., Szaro, T., Jansen, R. K., Palmer, J. D., 1993: Interfamilial relationships of theAsteraceae: insights fromrbcL sequence variation. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 742–751.Google Scholar
  43. Moon, E., Kao, T., Wu, R., 1987: Sequence of the chloroplast encodedatp β-atp E-trn M gene clusters from rice. — Nucl. Acids Res.15: 4358–4359.Google Scholar
  44. Morgan, D. R., Soltis, D. E., 1993: Phylogenetic relationships among members ofSaxifragaceae sensu lato based onrbcL sequence data. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 631–660.Google Scholar
  45. Nakai, T., 1936: Subdivision ofConvallariaceae. — Japan J. Bot.12: 145–150.Google Scholar
  46. Olmstead, R. G., Bremer, B., Scott, K. M., Palmer, J. D., 1993: A parsimony analysis of theAsteridae sensu lato based onrbcL sequences. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 700–722.Google Scholar
  47. Price, R. A., Palmer, J. D., 1993: Phylogenetic relationships of theGeraniaceae andGeraniales fromrbcL sequence comparison. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 661–671.Google Scholar
  48. Qiu, Y., Chase, M. W., Les, D. H., Parks, C. R., 1993: Molecular phylogenetics of theMagnoliidae: cladistic analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid generbcL. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 587–606.Google Scholar
  49. Rettig, J. H., Wilson, H. D., Manhart, H. D., 1992: Phylogeny of theCaryophyllales—gene sequence data. — Taxon41: 201–209.Google Scholar
  50. Rodman, J., Price, R. A., Karol, K. G., Conti, E., Sytsma, K. J., Palmer, J. D., 1993: Nucleotide sequences of therbcL gene indicate monophyly of mustard oil plants. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 686–699.Google Scholar
  51. Saitou, N., Nei, M., 1987: The neighbour-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. — Mol. Biol. Evol.4: 406–425.Google Scholar
  52. Salisbury, R. A., 1866: Genera Plantarum. — London: John van Voort.Google Scholar
  53. Schulze, W., 1983: Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Liliifloren 7.Asparagaceae. — Wiss. Z. Friedrich Schiller Univ. Jena31: 309–330.Google Scholar
  54. Sen, S., 1974: Chromosome evolution inPolygonatae. — Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal.28: 103–111.Google Scholar
  55. Shinwari, Z. K., Terauchi, R., Utech, F. H., Kawano, S., 1994: Recognition of the new worldDisporum sectionProsartes asProsartes (Liliaceae) based on the sequence data ofrbcL gene. — Taxon (in press).Google Scholar
  56. Smith, J. F., Kress, W. J., Zimmer, E. A., 1993: Phylogenetic analysis of theZingiberales based onrbcL sequences. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 620–630.Google Scholar
  57. Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Clegg, M. T., Durbin, M., 1990:rbcL sequence divergence and phylogenetic relationships inSaxifragaceae sensu lato. — Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA87: 4640–4644.Google Scholar
  58. —, Morgan, D. R., Grable, A., Soltis, P. S., Kuzoff, R., 1993: Molecular systematics ofSaxifragaceae sensu stricto. — Amer. J. Bot.80: 1056–1081.Google Scholar
  59. Swofford, D., 1993: PAUP: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony, ver. 3.1.1. — Computer program distributed by the Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Il., USA.Google Scholar
  60. Tai, T. H., Tanksley, S. D., 1990: A rapid and inexpensive method for isolation of total DNA from dehydrated plant tissue. — Pl. Mol. Biol. Report8: 297–303.Google Scholar
  61. Takhtajan, A., 1980: Outline of the classification of flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). — Bot. Rev.46: 225–359.Google Scholar
  62. —, 1987: Systema Magnoliophytorum, pp. 287–309. — Leningrad: Nauka.Google Scholar
  63. Tamura, M. N., Utech, F. H., Kawano, S., 1992: Biosystematic studies inDisporum (Liliaceae-Polygonatae) IV. Karyotype analysis of some Asiatic and North American taxa with special reference to their systematic status. — Pl. Spec. Biol.7: 103–120.Google Scholar
  64. Terachi, T., Ogihara, Y., Tsunewaki, K., 1987: The molecular basis of genetic diversity among cytoplasms ofTriticum andAegilops VI. Complete nucleotide sequences of therbcL genes encoding H- and L-type rubisco large subunits in common wheat andAegilops crassa 4x. — Japan. J. Genet.62: 375–388.Google Scholar
  65. Therman, E., 1956: Cytotaxonomy of the tribePolygonatae. — Amer. J. Bot.43: 134–142.Google Scholar
  66. Wilson, M. A., Gaut, B., Clegg, M. T., 1990: Chloroplast DNA evolves slowly in the palm family (Arecaceae). — Mol. Biol. Evol.7: 303–314.Google Scholar
  67. Xiang, Q., Soltis, D. E., Morgan, D. R., Soltis, P. S., 1993: Phylogenetic relationships ofCornus L. sensu lato and putative relatives inferred fromrbcL sequence data. — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.80: 723–734.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zabta Khan Shinwari
    • 1
  • Hidetoshi Kato
    • 2
  • Ryohei Terauchi
    • 2
  • Shoichi Kawano
    • 2
  1. 1.Pakistan Museum of Natural HistoryIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of BotanyFaculty of Science, Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations