Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 148, Issue 3–4, pp 239–246 | Cite as

Systematic significance of mature embryo of bamboos

  • B. Hari Gopal
  • H. Y. Mohan Ram


The mature embryo of seven species belonging to five genera of Indian bamboos is described. In all these the basic pattern of embryo organisation is same: the scutellar and coleoptilar bundles are not separated by an internode, the epiblast is absent, the lower portion of the scutellum and the coleorhiza are separated by a cleft and the margins of embryonic leaves overlap. The features unique to fleshy fruited bamboos are: presence of a massive scutellum, the juxtaposition of plumule and radicle and the occurrence of a bud in the axil of the coleoptile. The fleshy fruit bearing bamboos should be classified into one group, the tribeMelocanneae. Evidence is provided to recognise additional groups in the subfamilyBambusoideae.

Key words

Angiosperms Poaceae (GramineaeBambusoideae Bambusa Dendrocalamus Pseudostachyum Melocalamus Melocanna Ochlandra Embryo 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Hari Gopal
    • 1
  • H. Y. Mohan Ram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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