Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 142, Issue 3–4, pp 223–237 | Cite as

The nature of polyploidy inReseda sect.Leucoreseda (Resedaceae)

  • González-Aguilera J. J. 
  • Fernández-Peralta A. M. 


We have found two chromosome levels (n = 10 and n = 20) in Spanish species ofReseda sect.Leucoreseda, four species on the first (R. undata, R. paui, R. suffruticosa, R. barrelieri), only one on the second level (R. alba). As already the species with n = 10 apparently behave as polyploids, we propose x = 5 as the original basic chromosome number for this section. The seed protein profile ofR. alba (2n = 40) reveals close relationships withR. undata (2n = 20), while the esterase isozymes suggest affinities withR. paui (2n = 20). Thus,R. alba can be regarded either as an autopolyploid fromR. paui or more likely as an allopolyploid fromR. paui andR. undata. Finally, the DNA values suggest a diploidization process inR. alba since its origin.

Key words

Angiosperms Resedaceae Reseda DNA values meiotic analysis seed protein and esterase isozyme electrophoresis polyploidy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bennett, H. D., Smith, J. B., 1976: Nuclear DNA amounts in Angiosperms. — Trans. Roy. Soc. (Lond.)B 274, 227–274.Google Scholar
  2. Chen, C. H., Bushuk, W., 1970: Nature of proteins inTriticale and its parental species III. A comparison of their electrophoresis pattern. — Can. J. Plant. Sci.50, 25–30.Google Scholar
  3. Clausen, J., Keck, D. D., Hiesey, W. M., 1945: Experimental studies on the nature of species II. Plant evolution through amphiploidy and autoploidy, with examples from theMadiinae. — Carnegie Inst. Washington Pobl. 564.Google Scholar
  4. Dahlgren, R., Karlsson, Th., Larsen, P., 1970: Studies on the flora of the Balearic Islands. I. Chromosome number in Balearic Angiosperms. — Bot. Notiser124, 249–259.Google Scholar
  5. Eigsti, O. J., 1936: Cytological studies in theResedaceae. — Bot. Gaz.98 (2), 363–369.Google Scholar
  6. Fernandez Casas, J., 1976: Números cromosómicos en plantas españolas III. — Lagascalia6 (1), 91–96.Google Scholar
  7. —, 1980: Números cromosomáticos en plantas occidentales 35–37. — Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid36, 373–389.Google Scholar
  8. Fernandez-Peralta, A. M.a,Gonzalez-Aguilera, J. J., 1981: Cytogenetic and evolutionary studies on the Spanish species ofReseda L. sect.Luteola Dumort (Resedaceae). — Taxon31 (1), 1–8.Google Scholar
  9. Garde, A., Malheiros Garde, M., 1953: Contribuçao para o estudo de algunas especies de Angiospermas. — Genet. Iber.5 (3–4), 115–124.Google Scholar
  10. Gillies, C. B., 1973: Ultrastructural analysis of maize pachytene karyotypes by three dimensional reconstruction of the synaptonemal complexes. — Chromosoma43, 145–176.Google Scholar
  11. Goldstein, D. J., 1970: Aspects of scanning microdensitometry I. Stray light (glare). — J. Microscopy92, 1–16.Google Scholar
  12. —, 1971: Aspects of scanning microdensitometry II. Spot size, focus and resolution. — J. Microscopy93, 14–42.Google Scholar
  13. Gonzalez-Aguilera, J. J., Fernandez-Peralta, A. Ma, 1981: Karyology and Evolution inSesamoides. — Pl. Syst. Evol.139, 147–154.Google Scholar
  14. —, —, 1980a: Estudios citogenéticos y evolutivos en especies españolas de la FamiliaResedaceae L. SecciónGlaucoreseda D.C. — Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid36, 311–320.Google Scholar
  15. —, —, 1980b: Cytogenetic and evolutionary studies on the Spanish species of the FamilyResedaceae L. SectionsPhyteuma L. andResedastrum Duby. — Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. 2,23, 519–536.Google Scholar
  16. —, 1976: In “IOPB chromosome number reports LIV”.Resedaceae. — Taxon25 (5/6), 631–649.Google Scholar
  17. —, —,1978: In “IOPB chromosome number reports LX”.Resedaceae. — Taxon27 (2/3), 223–231.Google Scholar
  18. Gori, C., 1957: Embriologia e citologia di alcune specie del gen.Reseda. — Caryologia10, 391–401.Google Scholar
  19. Grant, V., 1971: Plant Speciation. — New York-London: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hall, O., Johnson, B. L., 1963: Electrophoretic analysis of the amphidiploid of theStipa viridula ×Oryzopsis hymenoides and its parental species. — Heredity48, 530–535.Google Scholar
  21. Houts, K. P., Hillebrand, G. R., 1976: An electrophoretic and serological investigation of seed proteins inGaleopsis tetrahit (Labiatae) and its putative parental species. — Amer. J. Bot.63, 156–165.Google Scholar
  22. Jain, H. K., 1960: Induced neo-centric activity in chromosome ends. — Chromosoma11, 310–312.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Kaercher, W., Valdes-Bermejo, E., 1975: Contribución al estudio cariológico del GéneroReseda L. en España. Nota I. SecciónLeucoreseda. — Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles32 (2), 165–174.Google Scholar
  24. Küpfer, P., 1974: Recherches sur les liens de parenté entre la Flore orophile des Alpes et celle des Pyrénées. — Boissiera23.Google Scholar
  25. Müntzing, A., Prakken, R., 1941: Chromosomal aberrations in rye populations. — Hereditas27, 273–308.Google Scholar
  26. Murray, B. G., Craig, T. L., Rajhathy, T., 1970: A protein electrophoresis study of three amphidiploids and eight species inAvena. — Can. J. Genet. Cytol.12, 651–665.Google Scholar
  27. Oksijuk, P., 1929: Acad. Sci. l'Ukraine, Mem. Classe Sci. Phys. et Math. Trav. Mus. Bot.15, 37–50 (afterEigsti 1936).Google Scholar
  28. —, 1935: Akad. Sci. l'Ukraine. J. Inst. Bot.12, 15–18 (afterEigsti 1936).Google Scholar
  29. Oliver, J. L., Ruiz Rejon, M., 1980: The relation between isozymes and ploidy level. Its application to biogeographical studies ofMuscari atlanticum (Liliaceae). — Taxon29 (1), 27–32.Google Scholar
  30. Sañudo, A., 1963: Estudios citogenéticos en el gen.Solanum: SeriesCardiophylla y Pinnatisecta. II. Poliploides artificiales: autotetraploides y anfidiploides. — Anales INIA (Instituto Nacional Investigaciones Agronómicas)11 (2), 157–190.Google Scholar
  31. —, 1975: Sobre la naturaleza autopoliploide de algunas plantas silvestres. — Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles32 (2), 633–648.Google Scholar
  32. Shepherd, E. W., 1968: Chromosomal control of endosperm protein in wheat and rye. — InFinlay, K. W., Shepherd, E. W., (Eds.): Third. Int. Wheat Genet. Symp., p. 86–96. — London.Google Scholar
  33. Stebbins, G. L., 1950: Variation and Evolution in Plants. — New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  34. —, 1971: Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants. — London: Edwards Arnold Ltd.Google Scholar
  35. Sybenga, J., 1975: Meiotic configurations. — Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  36. Tischler, G., 1931: Pflanzliche Chromosomenzahlen. — Tab. Biol.7, 109–226 (afterEigsti 1936).Google Scholar
  37. Valdes, B., 1978: Números cromosómicos para la Flora española. — Lagascalia8 (1), 122–125.Google Scholar
  38. Vaughan, J. G., Denford, K. E., 1968: An acrylamide gel electrophoretic stuy of the seed proteins ofBrassica andSinapis species with special reference to their taxonomic value. — J. Exp. Bot.19, 724–732.Google Scholar
  39. Verma, S. C., Rees, H., 1974: Nuclear DNA and the evolution of allotetraploidBrassicae. — Heredity33 (1), 61–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • González-Aguilera J. J. 
    • 1
  • Fernández-Peralta A. M. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Genética, C-XV, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Autónoma de MadridCantoblanco, Madrid-34Spain

Personalised recommendations