Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 209, Issue 3–4, pp 231–237 | Cite as

Bat pollination of the terrestrial herbIrlbachia alata (Gentianaceae) in northeastern Brazil

  • Isabel Cristina S. Machado
  • Ivan Sazima
  • Marlies Sazima


The pollination of the terrestrial herbIrlbachia alata by the batGlossophaga soricina was recorded in northeastern Brazil. This herb colonizes disturbed swampy sites in clearings and forest edges, blooming year-round. Its greenish white flowers open at dusk and attract phyllostomid bats and hawkmoths. The long-tongued batGlossophaga soricina is the major pollinator ofI. alata at the study site, with its trapline visits promoting cross-pollination of this herb. The small flowers and the delicate stem ofI. alata match the small size and the manoeuverable flight of glossophagine bats.

Key words

Gentianaceae Phyllostomidae Glossophaga soricina Pollination biology chiropterophily Atlantic forest 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Cristina S. Machado
    • 1
  • Ivan Sazima
    • 2
  • Marlies Sazima
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de BotânicaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamentos de Botânica e de ZoologiaUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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