Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 18, Issue 12, pp 2161–2168 | Cite as

Contents of poison apparatus and their relation to trail-following in the antDaceton armigerum

  • E. David Morgan
  • Bert Hölldobler
  • Tomas Vaisar
  • Brian D. Jackson


The poison gland, which is the source of the trail pheromone inDaceton armigerum, contains a mixture of dimethylpyrazine, trimethylpyrazine and 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylpyrazine in approximately equal proportions, similar to that of the antManica rubida. The cross-activity in trail-following tests with several other species can thus be explained. The Dufour gland ofD. armigerum contains a mixture of 26 identified hydrocarbons, chiefly 9-tricosene, tricosane, and 9-pentacosene. It also contains very small amounts of two sesquiterpene aldehydes, tetramorine-2 and tetramorine-3, already known in other myrmicine Dufour glands. No volatile substances were detected in the pygidial gland.

Key Words

Ants Hymenoptera Formicidae poison gland Dufour gland alkylpyrazines tetramorine trail following 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. David Morgan
    • 1
  • Bert Hölldobler
    • 2
  • Tomas Vaisar
    • 1
  • Brian D. Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of KeeleKeeleEngland
  2. 2.Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätWürzburgGermany

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