Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1587–1594 | Cite as

Aristolochic acids fromThottea spp. (Aristolochiaceae) and the osmeterial secretions of Thottea-feeding troidine swallowtail larvae (Papilionidae)

  • Ritsuo Nishida
  • Jason D. Weintraub
  • Paul Feeny
  • Hiroshi Fukami


Two aristolochiaceous plants in the genusThottea were shown to contain aristolochic acids. Larvae of two Malaysian troidine swallowtail butterflies,Troides (Troides) amphrysus andPachliopta (Losaria) neptunus, that fed onThottea leaves were found to sequester corresponding aristolochic acid analogs in the osmeterial glands.

Key Words

Aristolochic acid Aristolochiaceae Thottea osmeteria swallowtail butterfly Papilionidae Troides Pachliopta Lepidoptera defense 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bachelor, D.M. 1959. Asahan Butterflies.Malay. Nat. J. 14:1–7.Google Scholar
  2. Chopra, R.N., Nayar, S.L., andChopra, I.C. 1956. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants. CSIR, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  3. Corbet, A.S., andPendlebury, H.M. 1978. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd ed., revised by J.N. Eliot. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.Google Scholar
  4. Eisner, T., andMeinwald, Y.C. 1968. Defensive secretion of a caterpillar (Papilio).Science 150:1733–1735.Google Scholar
  5. Euw, J.v., Reichstein, T., andRothschild, M. 1968. Aristolochic acid-I in the swallowtail butterflyPachliopta aristolochiae Fabr. (Papilionidae).Isr. J. Chem. 6:659–607.Google Scholar
  6. Gowda, B., Boraiah, G., andFarooqui, A.A. 1988. Conservation and utilization of medicinal plants by Kudubi tribals in Western Ghats-Karnataka, pp. 167–170in P. Kaushik (ed.). Indigenous Medicinal Plants (Including Microbes and Fungi). National Seminar on Conservation and Ethnobotanical Aspects. Today and Tomorrow's Printers & Publishers, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  7. Honda, K. 1980a. Volatile constituents of larval osmeterial secretions inPapilio protenor demetrius.J. Insect Physiol. 26:39–45.Google Scholar
  8. Honda, K. 1980b. Osmeterial secretions of papilionid larvae in the generaLuehdoifia, Graphium, andAtrophaneum (Lepidoptera).Insect Biochem. 10:583–588.Google Scholar
  9. Honda, K. 1981. Larval osmeterial secretions of the swallowtailsPapilio).J. Chem. Ecol. 7:1089–1113.Google Scholar
  10. Hou, D. 1981. Florae Malesianae Praecursores LXII. On the genusThottea (Aristolochiaceae).Blumea 27:301–332.Google Scholar
  11. Hou, D. 1984. Aristolochiaceae.Flora Malesiana Series I Spermatophyta 10:53–108.Google Scholar
  12. Kiew, R. 1984. Notes on the natural history ofThottea dependens (Aristolochiaceae) and the occurrence of foliar sclerids within the genus.Malay. Nat. J. 38:59–64.Google Scholar
  13. Leefmans, S. 1934. Notes on the lifehistory ofAmathusia phidippus, Papilio coön andLimenitis procris, Verslagen van de Vergaderingen der Afdeeling Nederlandsch Oost-Indië van de Nederlandsche Entomologische Vereeniging 1(5):149–151.Google Scholar
  14. Manjunath, B.L., andShankara Rao, M.S. 1938. Chemical examination ofBragantia wallichii (Lour.).J. Indian Chem. Soc. 15:646–648.Google Scholar
  15. Miller, J.S. 1987. Phylogenetic studies in the Papilioninae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186:365–512.Google Scholar
  16. Mix, D.B., Guinaudeau, H., andShamma, M. 1983. The aristolochic acids and aristolactums.J. Nat. Prod. 45:657–666.Google Scholar
  17. Nishida, R., andFukami, H. 1989a. Ecological adaptation of an Aristolochiaceae-feeding swallowtail butterfly,Alrophaneura alcinous, to aristolochic acids.J. Chem. Ecol. 15:2549–2563.Google Scholar
  18. Nishida, R., andFukami, H. 1989b. Oviposition stimulants of an Aristolochiaceae-feeding swallowtail butterfly,Atrophaneura alcinous.J. Chem. Ecol. 15:2565–2575.Google Scholar
  19. Planchon, J.E. 1847. Observations surVAmoreuxia, D.C. (Euryanthe, Cham, et Schlecht.) et description des nouveaux genresRoucheria etLobbia: Comme introduction à des mémoires distincts sur lesCochlospermees, Linees etAristolochiees, familles auxquelles ces genres serot respectivement rattachés.London J. Bot. 6:139–146.Google Scholar
  20. Rothschild, M. 1973. Secondary plant substances and warning coloration in insects.Symp. R. Entomol. Soc. London 6:59–83.Google Scholar
  21. Rothschild, M., Euw, J.v., andReichstein, T. 1972. Aristolochic acids stored byZerynthia polyxena (Lepidoptera).Insect Biochem. 2:334–343.Google Scholar
  22. Straatman, R. 1968. On the biology of some species of Papilionidae from the island of Celebes (East Indonesia).Entomol. Ber. Amsterdam 28:229–233.Google Scholar
  23. Straatman, R., andNieuwenhuis, E.J. 1961. Biology of certain Sumatran species ofAtrophaneura, Trogonoptera, andTroides.Tijdschr. Entomol. Amsterdam 104:31–41.Google Scholar
  24. Urzüa, A., andPriestap, H. 1985. Aristolochic acids fromBattus polydamas.Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 13:169–170.Google Scholar
  25. Urzüa, A., Salgado, G., Gassels, B.K., andEckhardt, G. 1983. Aristolochic acids inAristolochia chilensis and the Aristolochia-teeder,Battus archidamas (Lepidoptera).Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 48:1513–1519.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ritsuo Nishida
    • 1
  • Jason D. Weintraub
    • 2
  • Paul Feeny
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Fukami
    • 1
  1. 1.Pesticide Research Institute Faculty of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Section of Ecology and Systematics, Corson HallCornell UniversityIthaca

Personalised recommendations