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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1393–1403 | Cite as

Response on the ground of bark beetle and weevil species colonizing conifer stumps and roots to terpenes and ethanol

  • Áke Lindelöw
  • Hubertus H. Eidmann
  • Henrik Nordenhem
Article

Abstract

Responses of threeHylastes species,Dryocoetes autographus, and twoHylobius species to terpenes and ethanol were studied in field experiments on clear-cut forest sites in Sweden using baited ground traps.α-Pinene alone did not attract any of the six species. A terpene blend (spruce turpentine consisting mainly ofα-pinene,β-pinene, and 3-carene) attractedHylastes cunicularius, H. brunneus, andHylobius abietis in some experiments, but not in others. The attractiveness of ethanol also varied; the only species consistently attracted wasH. abietis. Baits containing both terpenes and ethanol, particularly the combination of spruce turpentine and ethanol, were attractive to all species exceptHylobius pinastri. InH. abietis, the terpene plus ethanol/ ethanol catch ratios increased during early summer. Seasonal differences in catch levels were observed inH. cunicularius andH. abietis. The addition ofα-pinene reduced the attractiveness of the combination of spruce turpentine and ethanol toH. cunicularius, H. opacus, andD. autographus. The differences in response to the volatiles between species are probably related to differences in reproductive behavior and host preferences.

Key Words

Hylastes cunicularius Hylastes brunneus Hylastes opacus Dryocoetes autographus Hylobius abietis Hylobius pinastri α-pinene terpenes turpentine ethanol ground traps Coleoptera Scolytidae Curculionidae 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Áke Lindelöw
    • 1
  • Hubertus H. Eidmann
    • 1
  • Henrik Nordenhem
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Forest Protection Division of Forest EntomologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

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