Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 215, Issue 1–4, pp 141–155 | Cite as

Androecial development and systematics inFlacourtiaceae s. l.

  • Alex Bernhard
  • Peter K. Endress


Androecial development of 13 species belonging to six tribes ofFlacourtiaceae has been investigated. While inScolopieae andFlacourtieae the stamens develop centrifugally, inErythrospermeae, Oncobeae andPangieae they are initiated in a centripetal sequence or a sequence that is neither distinctly centripetal nor centrifugal. The distribution of these developmental patterns coincides with the distribution of other characters (e.g. cyanogenic compounds, salicoid leaf teeth) and therefore supports a split of the family intoFlacourtiaceae s. str. (containing theScolopieae, Homalieae, Prockieae, Flacourtieae, Casearieae andBembicieae) andKiggelariaceae (withErythrospermeae, Oncobeae andPangieae) and is in accordance with results of recentrbcL studies.

Key words

Flacourtiaceae Kiggelariaceae Violales Linales Androecial development polyandrous flowers 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Bernhard
    • 1
  • Peter K. Endress
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Systematic BotanyUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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