Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 212, Issue 1–2, pp 231–238 | Cite as

10-µm images and spectra of T Tauri stars

  • J. E. Van Cleve
  • T. L. Hayward
  • J. W. Miles
  • G. E. Gull
  • J. Schoenwald
  • J. R. Houck
Article

Abstract

T Tauri stars are young stars usually surrounded by dusty disks similar to the one from which we believe our own Solar System formed. Most T Tauri stars exhibit a broad emission or absorption band between 7.5 and 13.5µm which is attributed to silicate grains in the circumstellar environment. We imaged three spatially resolved T Tauri binaries through a set of broadband filters which include the spectral region occupied by the silicate band. Two of these objects (T Tauri and Haro 6–10) are “infrared companion” systems in which one component is optically much fainter but contributes strongly in the infrared. Both infrared companions exhibit a deep silicate absorption which is not present in their primaries, indicating that they suffer very strong local extinction which may be due to an edge-on circumstellar disk or to a dense shell. We also took low resolution spectra of the silicate feature of two unresolved T Tauris to look for narrow features in the silicate band which would indicate the presence of specific minerals such as olivine. We observed GK Tau, for which Cohen and Witteborn (1985) reported a narrow emission feature at 9.7µm, but do not find evidence for this feature, and conclude that it is either time-dependent or an artifact of absorption by telluric ozone.

Keywords

Ozone Olivine Broad Emission Young Star Silicate Absorption 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Van Cleve
    • 1
  • T. L. Hayward
    • 1
  • J. W. Miles
    • 1
  • G. E. Gull
    • 1
  • J. Schoenwald
    • 1
  • J. R. Houck
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Radiophysics and Space ResearchCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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