The origin ofSenecio vulgaris (Asteraceae)

Abstract

Senecio vulgaris L. (2n = 40) is suggested to be of autotetraploid origin fromS. vernalis Waldst. & Kit. (2n = 20). This conclusion is based on results obtained from experimental hybridisations and cytological observations, and the consideration of morphological affinities, patterns of geographical distribution and hybrid formation under natural conditions. The morphological differences between the two species are related to a difference in the breeding system. WhilstS. vernalis is self-incompatible,S. vulgaris is self-compatible and strongly self-pollinating. Equally, other self-pollinating taxa traditionally associated withS. vulgaris are shown to have evolved independently from outbreeding relatives. Within a narrow frame of relationship, annual weeds have evolved in different cytotaxonomic circumstances.

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Kadereit, J.W. The origin ofSenecio vulgaris (Asteraceae). Pl Syst Evol 145, 135–153 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00984036

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Key words

  • Angiosperms
  • Asteraceae
  • Senecio vulgaris
  • S. vernalis
  • Autotetraploidy
  • self-compatibility
  • annual weeds