Skip to main content

Seed morphology in some European aconites (Aconitum, Ranunculaceae)

Abstract

The seed coat morphology, investigated in taxa representative of the main European groups ofAconitum, are in good agreement with the current taxonomy of the genus. The seed coat microcharacteristics (warty epidermal cells) are very constant. There is a trend for the reduction of longitudinal wings on the edges concomitant with the development of ridges and transverse wings on the faces. Another morphological progression leads from smooth to rugulose and eventually to transverse wing-bearing seed faces. A working hypothesis suggests an ecological adaptative significance to these changes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Davis, P. H., Heywood, V. H., 1963: Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy. — Edinburgh: Oliver.

    Google Scholar 

  • Damboldt, J., Zimmermann, W., 1974:Aconitum. — InHegi, G.: Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa3 (3), 152–177 (3rd Ed.). — Berlin, Hamburg: P. Parey.

    Google Scholar 

  • Götz, E., 1967: DieAconitum variegatum-Gruppe und ihre Bastarde in Europa. — Feddes Repert.76 (1–2), 1–62.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hauptli, H., Webster, B. D., Jain, S., 1978: Variation in nutlet morphology inLimnanthes. — Amer. J. Bot.65 (6), 615–624.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hegi, G., 1912:Aconitum. — InHegi, G., Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa3 (4), 492–507 (1st Ed.). — München: Lehmann.

    Google Scholar 

  • Katz, A., Staehelin, E., 1978: Dünnschichtchromatographischer Vergleich einiger europäischer Aconitarten und -Handelsmuster. — Planta Medica33 (3), 287–288.

    Google Scholar 

  • , 1979: DC-Untersuchung der europäischenAconitum napellus-Gruppe. — Pharm. Acta Helv.54 (9/10), 253–265.

    Google Scholar 

  • , 1980: Further investigations pertaining to European Aconites. — Planta Medica39 (3), 209–210.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seitz, W., 1969: Die Taxonomie derAconitum napellus-Gruppe in Europa. — Feddes Repert.80 (1), 1–76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stebbins, G. L., 1974: Flowering Plants: Evolution Above the Species Level. — Cambridge: Belknap Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tutin, T. G., Merxmüller, H., 1964:Aconitum L. — InTutin & al.: Flora Europaea1, 211–213. — Cambridge: University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Warncke, K., 1964: Die europäischen Sippen derAconitum lycoctonum-Gruppe. — Diss. d. Ludwig-Max.-Univ. München, 1–66.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Cappelletti, E.M., Poldini, L. Seed morphology in some European aconites (Aconitum, Ranunculaceae). Pl Syst Evol 145, 193–201 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00983948

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00983948

Key words

  • Angiosperms
  • Ranunculaceae
  • Aconitum
  • Seed morphology
  • seed coat SEM microcharacteristics
  • taxonomic importance
  • adaptative ecological significance