Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 193, Issue 1–4, pp 21–36 | Cite as

Foliar flavonoids of eastern North AmericanVitis (Vitaceae) north of Mexico

  • Michael O. Moore
  • David E. Giannasi
Article

Abstract

Twenty-one flavonoid glycosides were isolated from the leaves of 22 North AmericanVitis L. taxa, representing two subgenera and five series. Three chemical groups were evident: one producing flavonols, flavones, and C-glycosylflavones, a second producing flavonols and flavones, and a third producing only flavonols. These three chemical groups did not correspond to any of the subgeneric groupings based on morphology. However, flavonoid distributions within series in each subgenus correlate well with morphological data. Parallel flavonoid evolution within each series is thought to account for this lack of subgeneric and interserial flavonoid distinction. The flavonoid data indicate that seriesCordifoliae of subgenusVitis, particularlyV. vulpina L., is the most closely related group to subgenusMuscadinia (Planch.)Rehder, and represents an evolutionary link between the two subgenera.

Key words

Vitaceae Vitis Grapes chemotaxonomy flavonoids flavonol glycosides flavone glycosides C-glycosylflavones 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael O. Moore
    • 1
  • David E. Giannasi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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