Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 205, Issue 1–2, pp 1–25 | Cite as

Evolution of flower shape inVeroniceae (Scrophulariaceae)

  • C. M. Kampny
  • N. G. Dengler


Floral evolution in the tribeVeroniceae was examined using phylogenetic analysis combining 24 adult morphology and chromosome number characters with 22 qualitative and quantitative floral development characters. Taxa sampled included nine species ofVeroniceae and as an outgroup one species each ofDigitaleae andVerbasceae. Veronica, Besseya, andSynthyris formed one clade, subtended byPseudolysimachion and then by theHebe group;Veronicastrum orWulfenia represent the basal-most branch of the tribe. The ancestral flowers of theVeroniceae may have been small with moderately short corolla tubes and lobes; long corolla tubes arose four times in the tribe and large corolla lobes twice.

Key words

Veroniceae Scrophulariaceae Flower shape flower development quantitative developmental character phylogeny evolution 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Kampny
    • 1
  • N. G. Dengler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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