Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 8, pp 1789–1798 | Cite as

(E4,E10)-dodecadienyl acetate: Novel sex pheromone component of tentiform leafminer,Phyllonorycter mespilella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

  • G. Gries
  • H. L. McBrien
  • R. Gries
  • Jianxiong Li
  • G. J. R. Judd
  • K. N. Slessor
  • J. H. Borden
  • R. F. Smith
  • M. Christie
  • J. T. Troubridge
  • P. D. C. Wimalaratne
  • E. W. Underhill
Article

Abstract

(E4,E10)-dodecadienyl acetate (E4,E10-12∶OAc) is a newly discovered sex pheromone component of the tentiform leafminer,Phyllonorycter mespilella (Hübner). In apple orchards, traps baited with 1Μg ofE4,E1012∶OAc attractedP. mespilella in British Columbia andP. blancardella (F.) in Massachusetts and Nova Scotia. The compound was identified inP. mespilella by gas chromatographic-electroantennographic analysis (GC-EAD) of pheromone gland extracts, retention index calculations, EAD profiles toE3 toE10 dodecenyl acetates, and synthesis of candidate pheromone components. Even thoughE4,E10-12∶OAc was not detected in gland extracts by GC-mass spectroscopy, several factors indicate that it is female-produced. Antennal responses to gland extracts coincided with authenticE4,E10-12∶OAc on four GC columns with different retention characteristics.E4,E10-12∶OAc andE10-12∶OAc, a known female-produced pheromone component, elicited equally strong EAD responses. In field tests,E4,E10-12∶OAc was two to four times more attractive thanE10-12∶OAc. There was no additive or synergistic effect between the two components.

Key words

Lepidoptera Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella P.mespilella sex pheromone sex attractant (E10)-dodecenyl acetate (E4,E10)-dodecadienyl acetate 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Gries
    • 1
  • H. L. McBrien
    • 1
  • R. Gries
    • 1
  • Jianxiong Li
    • 2
  • G. J. R. Judd
    • 3
  • K. N. Slessor
    • 2
  • J. H. Borden
    • 1
  • R. F. Smith
    • 4
  • M. Christie
    • 5
  • J. T. Troubridge
    • 6
  • P. D. C. Wimalaratne
    • 2
  • E. W. Underhill
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  3. 3.Agriculture Canada Research StationSummerlandCanada
  4. 4.Agriculture Canada Research StationKentvilleCanada
  5. 5.Department of EntomologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherst
  6. 6.Agriculture Canada Research StationVancouverCanada
  7. 7.VictoriaCanada

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