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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 2953–2963 | Cite as

Diel rhythms of calling behavior and pheromone production of oriental tobacco budworm moth,Helicoverpa assulta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  • Manabu Kamimura
  • Sadahiro Tatsuki
Article

Abstract

Both calling behavior and titer of (Z)-9-hexadecenal (Z9-16: Al), the major sex pheromone component ofHelicoverpa assulta, in pheromone glands showed distinct diel periodicity, and these two were synchronous. Calling was most actively performed and the pheromone titer reached a maximum from 2 to 6 h after lights-off. During photophase, no calling was shown and only a relatively small amount of Z9-16:A1 was detected. However, there was a time lag of a few days between peak calling activity and maximum pheromone titer. The pheromone titer was maximal from age 1 day to age 5 days and thereafter decreased while calling was most actively performed after age 3 days. Titers of three minor components, hexadecenal, (Z)-11-hexadecenal, and (Z)-9-hexadecenyl acetate, showed similar daily fluctuation patterns to that of Z9-16:Al, but relative to the titer of Z9-16:Al, the titer of the two aldehyde components remained relatively constant whereas that ofZ9-16:Ac increased in the late scotophase.

Key Words

Helicoverpa assulta sex pheromone calling diel periodicity Lepidoptera Noctuidae (Z)-9-hexadecenal hexadecanal (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z)-9-hexadecenyl acetate 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manabu Kamimura
    • 1
  • Sadahiro Tatsuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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