Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 13, Issue 7, pp 1749–1758 | Cite as

Flight and copulation of female spruce budworm in pheromone-permeated air

  • C. J. Sanders
Article

Abstract

High concentrations of synthetic sex pheromone caused increased flight activity among mated female spruce budworm of all ages, a fact that may indicate an increase in dispersal. Flight activity also increased among older virgin females, but not among females one day old, the age at which they usually mate. Receptivity of young virgin females to courting males was not affected by pheromone-permeated air. Synthetic sex pheromone is therefore not likely to influence mating frequency through its effects on female activity.

Key Words

Spruce budwormChoristoneura fumiferana Lepidoptera Tortricidae sex pheromone female response flight copulation dispersal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Birch, M.C. 1977. Responses of both sexes ofTrichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera Noctuidae) to virgin females and to synthetic pheromone.Ecol. Entomol. 2:99–104.Google Scholar
  2. Clark, W.C. 1979. Spatial structure relationship in a forest insect system. Simulation models and analysis.Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 52:235–257.Google Scholar
  3. Edwards, K. 1962. Laboratory determinations of the daily flight times of separate sexes of some moths in naturally changing light.Can. J. Zool. 40:511–530.Google Scholar
  4. Grant, G.G. 1970. Evidence for a male sex pheromone in the noctuid,Trichoplusia ni.Nature 227:1345–1346.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Greenbank, D.O.,Schaefer, G.W., andRainey, R.C. 1980. Spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) moth flight and dispersal: New understanding from canopy observations, radar, and aircraft.Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 110:49 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Grisdale, D. 1970. An improved laboratory method for rearing large numbers of spruce budworm,Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).Can. Entomol. 102:1111–1117.Google Scholar
  7. Light, D.M., andBirch, M.C. 1979. Electrophysiological basis for the behavioural response of male and femaleTrichoplusia ni to synthetic female pheromone.J. Insect Physiol. 25:161–167.Google Scholar
  8. Meighen, E.A., Szittner, R.B., andGrant, G.G. 1983. Determination of the release rate of aldehyde pheromones from insect lures by cold trapping and direct bioluminescence analysis.Anal. Biochem. 133:179–185.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Mitchell, E.R., Webb, J.R., andHines, R.W. 1972. Capture of male and female cabbage loopers in field traps baited with synthetic sex pheromone.Environ. Entomol. 1:525–526.Google Scholar
  10. Palaniswamy, P., andSeabrook, W.D. 1978. Behavioral responses of the female eastern spruce budwormChoristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to the sex pheromone of her own species.J. Chem. Ecol. 4:649–655.Google Scholar
  11. Palaniswamy, P., andSeabrook, W.D. 1985. The alteration of calling behaviour by femaleChoristoneura fumiferana when exposed to synthetic sex pheromone.Entomol. Exp. Appl. 37:13–16.Google Scholar
  12. Ross, R.J., Palaniswamy, P., andSeabrook, W.D. 1979. Electroantennograms from spruce budworm moths (Choristoneura fumiferana) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) of different ages and for various pheromone concentrations.Can. Entomol. 111:807–816.Google Scholar
  13. Sanders, C.J. 1979a. Pheromones and dispersal in the management of eastern spruce budworm.Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 52:223–226.Google Scholar
  14. Sanders, C.J. 1979b. Mate location and mating in eastern spruce budworm.Bi-Mon. Res. Notes Can. For. Serv. 35:2–3.Google Scholar
  15. Sanders, C.J. 1979c. Spruce budworm mating disruption trials using synthetic attractant in Conrel Fibers (Ontario 1977). Dep. Environ., Can. For. Serv., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. Inf. Rep. O-X-285, 32 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Sanders, C.J. 1981. Release rate and attraction of PVC lures containing synthetic attractant of the spruce budworm,Choristoneura fumiferana. Can. Entomol. 113:103–111.Google Scholar
  17. Sanders, C.J. 1982. Disruption of male spruce budworm orientation to calling females in a wind tunnel by synthetic pheromone.J. Chem. Ecol. 8:493–506.Google Scholar
  18. Sanders, C.J. 1984. Sex pheromone of the spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Evidence for a missing component.Can. Entomol. 116:93–100.Google Scholar
  19. Sanders, C.J., andLucuik, G.S. 1975. Effects of photoperiod and size on flight activity and oviposition in the eastern spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).Can. Entomol. 107:1289–1299.Google Scholar
  20. Sanders, C.J., andSilk, P.J. 1982. Disruption of spruce budworm mating by means of Hercon plastic laminated flakes, Ontario 1981. Dep. Environ., Can For. Serv., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. Inf. Rep. O-X-335, 22 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Sanders, C.J., andWeatherston, J. 1976. Sex pheromone of the eastern spruce budworm: Optimum blend oftrans- andcis-11-tetradecenal.Can. Entomol. 108:1285–1290.Google Scholar
  22. Sanders, C.J., Wallace, D.R., andLucuik, G. 1978. Flight activity of female eastern spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) at constant temperatures in the laboratory.Can. Entomol. 110:627–632.Google Scholar
  23. Silk, P.J., Tan, S.H., Wiesner, C.J., Ross, R.J., andLonergan, G.C. 1980. Sex pheromone chemistry of the eastern spruce budworm,Choristoneura fumiferana.Environ. Entomol. 9:640–644.Google Scholar
  24. Sokal, R.R., andRohlf, F.J. 1981. Biometry. W.H. Freeman & Co., New York. 859 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. J. Sanders
    • 1
  1. 1.Canadian Forestry Service, Great Lakes Forestry CentreGovernment of CanadaSault Ste. MarieCanada

Personalised recommendations