Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 16, Issue 10, pp 2889–2898 | Cite as

Preferences of matedHeliothis virescens andH. subflexa females for host and nonhost volatiles in a flight tunnel

  • F. C. Tingle
  • E. R. Mitchell
  • R. R. Heath


In flight-tunnel bioassays, mated femaleHeliothis subflexa (Gn.) moths demonstrated in dual-choice tests a significant preference for volatiles from an extract of their only known host,Physalis spp. (groundcherry). However,H. virescens (F.), a polyphagous species, responded positively by anemotaxis to extracts from susceptible tobacco, cotton,Desmodium tortuosum (host plants), and groundcherry, a nonhost.H. virescens females did not fly to volatiles emanating from an extract of a resistant tobacco cultivar.

Key Words

Cotton tobacco groundcherry Physalis Desmodium Heliothis subflexa Heliothis virescens Lepidoptera Noctuidae plant-insect interaction host-plant resistance attractant 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Duncan, D.B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests.Biometrics 11:1–42.Google Scholar
  2. Guy, R.H., Leppla, N.C., Rye, J.R., Green, C.W., Barrette, S.L., andHollien, K.A. 1985.Trichoplusia ni, pp. 487–494,in P. Singh and R.F. Moore, (eds.). Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. 2. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  3. Jackson, D.M., Severson, R.F., Johnson, A.W., Chaplin, J.F., andStephenson, M.G. 1984. Ovipositional response of tobacco budworm moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to cuticular chemical isolates from green tobacco leaves.Environ. Entomol. 13:1023–1030.Google Scholar
  4. Johnson, M.W., Stinner, R.E., andRabb, R.L. 1975. Ovipositional response ofHeliothis zea (Boddie) to its major hosts in North Carolina.Environ. Entomol. 4:291–297.Google Scholar
  5. Laster, M.L., Pair, S.D., andMartin, D.F. 1982. Acceptance and development ofHeliothis subflexa andH. virescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and their hybrid and backcross progeny on several plant species.Environ. Entomol. 11:979–980.Google Scholar
  6. Mitchell, E.R., andHeath, R.R. 1987.Heliothis subflexa (Gn.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Demonstration of oviposition stimulant from groundcherry using novel bioassay.J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1849–1858.Google Scholar
  7. Mitchell, E.R., Hines, R.W., andCopeland, W.W. 1988.Heliothis subflexa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Establishment and maintenance of a laboratory colony.Fla. Entomol. 71:212–214.Google Scholar
  8. Mitchell, E.R., Tingle, F.C. andHeath, R.R. 1990. Oviposition response of threeHeliothis species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to allelochemicals from cultivated and wild host plants.J. Chem. Ecol. 16:1817–1827.Google Scholar
  9. Rembold, H. andTober, H. 1985. Kairomones as pigeonpea resistant factors againstHeliothis armigera. Insect Sci. Appl. 6:249–252.Google Scholar
  10. Roome, R.E. 1975. Activity of adultHeliothis armigera (Hb.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with reference to the flowering of sorghum and maize in Botswanna.Bull. Entomol. Res. 65:523–530.Google Scholar
  11. Steel, R.G.D., andTorrie, J.H. 1960. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Tingle, F.C., Heath, R.R., andMitchell, E.R. 1989. Flight response ofHeliothis sublexa (Gn.) females to an attractant from groundcherry,Physalis angulata L.J. Chem. Ecol. 15:221–231.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. C. Tingle
    • 1
  • E. R. Mitchell
    • 1
  • R. R. Heath
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of AgricultureInsect Attractants, Behavior, and Basic Biology Research LaboratoryGainsville

Personalised recommendations