Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 455–475 | Cite as

A prospective examination of post-traumatic stress disorder in rape victims

  • Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
  • Edna B. Foa
  • David S. Riggs
  • Tamera Murdock
  • William Walsh


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related psychopathology were examined in 95 female rape victims beginning soon after the assault (mean=12.64 days). Subjects were assessed weekly for 12 weeks. Ninety-four percent of women met symptomatic criteria for PTSD at Assessment 1, decreasing to 65% at Assessment 4 (mean=35 days postassault), and 47% at Assessment 12 (mean=94 days postassault). PTSD and related psychopathology decreased sharply between Assessments 1 and 4 for all women. Women whose PTSD persisted throughout the 3-month study did not show improvement after the fourth assessment; women who did not meet criteria for PTSD 3 months postassault showed steady improvement over time. This pattern was evidenced even after initial PTSD severity was statistically controlled. Moreover, PTSD status at 3 months postassault could be predicted with a high degree of accuracy by two brief self-report measures administered at the first assessment. The implications of the present findings and directions for future research are discussed.

Key words

PTSD rape victimization victims 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    • 1
  • Edna B. Foa
    • 1
  • David S. Riggs
    • 1
  • Tamera Murdock
    • 1
  • William Walsh
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMedical College of Pennsylvania at Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric InstitutePhiladelphia

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