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Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 209–221 | Cite as

Monitoring and blunting: Implications for combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Zahava Solomon
  • Mario Mikulincer
  • Rivka Arad
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

The current study examines the impact of monitoring-blunting strategies on combat-related psychopathology among soldiers who suffered a combat stress reaction episode during the 1982 Lebanon War. For this purpose, we assessed subjects' habitual use of monitoring and blunting, their mental health status 2 years are participation in war (PTSD, general psychiatric symptomatology, and problems in social functioning), their trauma-related intrusion and avoidance tendencies, and their habitual coping styles. Results show that soldiers who rely primarily on monitoring strategies suffer the least from trauma-related psychopathology. The use of blunting strategies was associated with more severe psychopathology. In addition, monitors tend to rely on problem-focused coping strategies, while blunters tend to rely on emotion-focused coping strategies. Results are discussed in terms of Miller's conceptualization of styles of information seeking under threat.

Key words

monitoring blunting combat-related PTSD 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahava Solomon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mario Mikulincer
    • 3
  • Rivka Arad
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Department of Mental Health, Medical CorpsIsrael Defense ForcesIsrael
  2. 2.School of Social WorkTel-Aviv UniversityIsrael
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyBar-Ilan UniversityIsrael

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