Acute postdisaster coping and adjustment
- 26 Downloads
This study examines coping strategies and short-term adjustment in survivors of a tornado. Forty-two subjects were interviewed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement (DIS/DS) within 1 month of the event. Rates of psychiatric disorder in survivors were low, and even rates of symptoms were not especially high. Subjects turned to family and friends for support as their most frequent coping method. While many utilized active coping techniques such as talking and reading about it, others dealt with their experience by avoidance, trying not to think about the tornado. Many also reported that religious and philosophical perspectives helped them. Few required medication to relieve their upset, and none depended on alcohol.
Key wordsdisaster victims stress coping
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bolin, R. (1985). Disasters and social support. In Sowder, B. J. (eds),Disasters and Mental Health: Selected Contemporary Perspectives National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Md., pp. 150–157.Google Scholar
- Moore, H. E., and Friedsam, H. J. (1959). Reported emotional stress following a disaster.Social Forces 38(2): 135–139.Google Scholar
- Penick, E. C., Powell, B. J., and Sieck, W. A. (1976). Mental health problems and natural disaster: Tornado victims.J. Comm. Psychol. 4(11): 64–67.Google Scholar
- Robins, L. N., and Smith, E. M. (1983). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement. Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis.Google Scholar
- Smith, E. M., Robins, L. N., Przybeck, T. R., Goldring, E., and Solomon, (ed.),Disaster Stress Studies: New Methods and Findings, American Psychiatric Press, Inc., Washington, D.C., pp. 50–76.Google Scholar
- Taylor, V. A., Ross, G. A., and Quarantelli, E. L. (1976). Delivery of mental health services in disaster: The Zenia tornado and some implications. Disaster Research Center, Ohio State University.Google Scholar
- Tynhurst, L. (1977). Inidividual reactions to community disaster: The natural history of psychiatric phenomena.Am. J. Psychiat. 107: 764–769.Google Scholar
- Warheit, B. J. (1985). A propositional paradigm for estimating the impact of disasters of mental health. In Sowder, B. J. (ed.),Disasters and Mental Health: Selected Contemporary Perspectives National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Md., pp. 196–214.Google Scholar