Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 489–514 | Cite as

Factors in the victim that mediate between disaster and psychopathology: A review

  • Margaret S. Gibbs
Extended Reviews


A review of the research literature is provided regarding vulnerability and psychological resource characteristics of the victim that mediate between disaster and psychopathology. Common generalizations about the effect of vulnerability variables such as age, gender, and previous level of functioning are seldom supported. Coping styles appear promising predictive variables. Attitude variables deserve further attention. More complex designs are suggested to determine interaction effects between disaster and victim variables.

Key Words

victim disaster psychopathology coping styles traumatic events 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret S. Gibbs
    • 1
  1. 1.Fairleigh Dickinson UniversityTeaneck

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