The relationship of measures of academic ability and grades with high level accomplishment was examined by reviewing a wide ranging literature. This literature included studies of the highly creative, scientists and technicians, physicians, high- and middle-level managers, and high school and college students. The Terman studies of the gifted were also reviewed. Finally, studies of occupational attainment and income were examined. A very wide variety of criteria were used in these studies. In general, the studies demonstrated low positive relationships between academic aptitude and/or grades and accomplishment. The closer the content of the measure of academic aptitude to the demands of the field, the stronger the relationship.
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Baird, L.L. Do grades and tests predict adult accomplishment?. Res High Educ 23, 3–85 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00974070
- High School
- College Student
- Positive Relationship
- Education Research
- Terman Study