Research in Higher Education

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 329–349 | Cite as

Preenrollment variables and academic performance as predictors of freshman year persistence, early withdrawal, and stopout behavior in an urban, nonresidential university

  • Ernest T. Pascarella
  • Paul B. Duby
  • Vernon A. Miller
  • Sue P. Rasher


Multiple group discriminant analysis was employed to determine the utility of preenrollment traits and academic performance in identifying freshman students who persisted, stopped out, or withdrew early from an urban, nonresidential university. An equation based on nine preenrollment variables significantly discriminated among the three groups and correctly identified 48.1% of an independent validation sample (p<.001 for the hypothesis that overall correct classification was a significant improvement on chance). The clearest separation based on preenrollment traits was between stopouts on the one hand and both persisters and withdrawals on the other. It was only after first-quarter academic performance was added to preenrollment traits that a sharp discrimination was found between persisters and early voluntary withdrawals.


Discriminant Analysis Academic Performance Education Research Correct Classification Clear Separation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Agathon Press, Inc 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest T. Pascarella
    • 1
  • Paul B. Duby
    • 1
  • Vernon A. Miller
    • 1
  • Sue P. Rasher
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Illinois at Chicago CircleUSA

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