Neurochemical Research

, Volume 13, Issue 7, pp 625–631 | Cite as

Axoplasmic RNA species synthesized in the isolated squid giant axon

  • M. V. Rapallino
  • A. Cupello
  • A. Giuditta
Original Articles


Isolated squid stellate nerves and giant fiber lobes were incubated for 8 hr in Millipore filtered sea water containing [3H]uridine. The electrophoretic patterns of radioactive RNA purified from the axoplasm of the giant axon and from the giant fiber lobe (cell bodies of the giant axon) demonstrated the presence of RNA species with mobilities corresponding to tRNA and rRNA. The presence of labeled rRNAs was confirmed by the behavior of the large rRNA component (31S) which, in the squid, readily dissociates into its two constituent moyeties (17S and 20S). Comparable results were obtained with the axonal sheath and the stellate nerve. In all the electrophoretic patterns, additional species of radioactive RNA migrated between the 4S and the 20S markers, i.e. with mobilities corresponding to presumptive mRNAs. Chromatographic analysis of the purified RNAs on oligo(dT)cellulose indicated the presence of labeled poly(A)+ RNA in all tissue samples. Radioactive poly(A)+ RNA represented approximately 1% of the total labeled RNA in the axoplasm, axonal sheath and stellate nerve, but more than 2% in the giant fiber lobe. The labeled poly(A)+ RNAs of the giant fibre lobe showed a prevalence of larger species in comparison to the axonal sheath and stellate nerve. In conclusion, the axoplasmic RNAs synthesized by the isolated squid giant axon appear to include all the major classes of axoplasmic RNAs, that is rRNA, tRNA and mRNA.

Key Words

Axon RNA RNA synthesis squid 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Rapallino
    • 1
  • A. Cupello
    • 1
  • A. Giuditta
    • 2
  1. 1.C.N.R. Unit for Brain NeurophysiologyGenova
  2. 2.Department of General and Environmental PhysiologyUniversity of Naples and International Institute of Genetics and BiophysicsNaplesItaly

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