Neurochemical Research

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 623–629 | Cite as

Rates of protein synthesis in the regenerating hypoglossal nucleus: Effects of testosterone treatment

  • Carolyn Beebe Smith
  • Wan-hua Amy Yu
Original Articles

Abstract

Rates of protein synthesis (lCPSleu) along the entire rostral to caudal extent of the hypoglossal nucleus were determined in adult, female rats with the quantitative autoradiographicl-[1-14C]leucine method two and five weeks after unilateral hypoglossal axotomy with and without chronic treatment with testosterone. Rates of protein synthesis were increased on the axotomized side, and the increases were greater in the rostral portion of the nucleus at both time points examined. The effects of axotomy on lCPSleu were less at five weeks post-axotomy than at two weeks. In spite of the fact that testosterone has been shown to accelerate both the rate of outgrowth of regenerating cranial motor nerves (Kujawa et al., J. Neurosci. 11∶3898–3906, 1991) and the recovery of function (Kujawa et al., Exp. Neurol. 105∶80–85, 1989) and to attenuate the loss of neurons (Yu et al., Exp. Neurol. 80∶349–360, 1983) there were no effects of testosterone on 1CPSleu in the hypoglossal nucleus in either sham-operated or axotomized rats.

Key Words

Regeneration axotomy motoneurons androgens leucine 

Abbreviations Used

ie

The local cerebral rate of protein synthesis

{ie623-1}

the rate of leucine incorporation into protein is abbreviated as lCPSleu

i

is the fraction of leucine in the precursor pool for protein synthesis derived from the arterial plasma in tissue region

TP

is testosterone propionate

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn Beebe Smith
    • 1
  • Wan-hua Amy Yu
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Cerebral MetabolismNational Institute of Mental Health, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human ServicesBethesda
  2. 2.Department of Cell Biology and Anatomical SciencesCity University of New York Medical SchoolNew York

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