Neurochemical Research

, Volume 17, Issue 7, pp 657–663 | Cite as

Activation of striatal tyrosine hydroxylase by neurocatin, a neuroregulator from mammalian brain

  • Anna Pastuszko
  • Peter Pastuszko
  • David F. Wilson
Original Articles


Neurocatin, a neuroregulatory factor isolated from mammalian brain, is a powerful affector of dopamine synthesis in striatal rat synaptosomes. Incubation of intact synaptosomes with neurocatin caused an increase in the rate of dopamine synthesis measured by accumulation of DOPA. The increase is rapid (within two minutes) and dependent on the concentration of added neurocatin. The stimulatory effect of neurocatin on dopamine synthesis occurred only in intact synaptosomes and was almost completely abolished by lysis of the synaptosomes with Triton X-100 or sonification prior to neurocatin addition. The kinetic parameters of tyrosine hydroxylase were measured in lysates prepared from synaptosomes preincubated with neurocatin. These showed that with increasing neurocatin concentration there was an increase in Vmax with no significant change in KM for the pteridine cofactor, compared to control. Activation of tyrosine hydroxylase by neurocatin is at least partially caused by a receptor mediated increase in phosphorylation of the enzyme. Protein kinase C and protein kinase II may be involved in this process.

Key words

Tyrosine hydroxylase striatum synaptosomes neurocatin 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Pastuszko
    • 1
  • Peter Pastuszko
    • 1
  • David F. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Medical SchoolUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia

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