Neurochemical Research

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 665–671 | Cite as

Superoxide dismutase, catalase, and U78517F attenuate neuronal damage in gerbils with repeated brief ischemic insults

  • Debbie Truelove
  • Ashfaq Shuaib
  • Sadiq Ijaz
  • Steve Richardson
  • Jay Kalra
Original Articles


Repeated ischemic insults at one hour intervals result in more severe neuronal damage than a single similar duration insult. The mechanism for the more severe damage with repetitive ischemia is not fully understood. We hypothesized that the prolonged reperfusion periods between the relatively short ischemic insults may result in a pronounced generation of oxygen free radicals (OFRs). In this study, we tested the protective effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (alone or in combination), and U78517F in a gerbil model of repetitive ischemia. Three episodes (two min each) of bilateral carotid occlusion were used at one hour intervals to produce repetitive ischemia. Superoxide dismutase and catalase were infused via osmotic pumps into the lateral ventricles. Two doses of U78517F were given three times per animal, one half hour prior to each occlusion. Neuronal damage was assessed 7 days later in several brain regions using the silver staining technique. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical comparison. Superoxide dismutase showed significant protection in the hippocampus (CA4), striatum, thalamus and the medial geniculate nucleus (MGN). Catalase showed significant protection in the striatum, hippocampus, thalamus, and MGN and the substantia nigra reticulata. Combination of the two resulted in additional protection in the cerebral cortex. Compared to the controls, there was little protection with a dose of 3 mg/kg of U78517F. There was significant protection with a dose of 10 mg/kg in the hippocampus (CA4), striatum, thalamus, medial geniculate nucleus and the substantia nigra reticulata. The significant protection noted with SOD, catalase or U78517F with repeated ischemia supports, the hypothesis that OFRs may play a role in neuronal damage in repeated cerebral ischemia.

Key Words

Ischemia repeated ischemia oxygen free radicals superoxide dismutase catalase U78517F 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debbie Truelove
    • 1
  • Ashfaq Shuaib
    • 1
  • Sadiq Ijaz
    • 1
  • Steve Richardson
    • 1
  • Jay Kalra
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Pharmacology and PathologyUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskattoonCanada
  2. 2.Saskatchewan Stroke Research Centre, College of MedicineUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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