Neurochemical Research

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 77–82 | Cite as

Taurine in the developing cat: Uptake and release in different brain areas

  • Pirjo Saransaari
  • Simo S. Oja
Original Articles

Abstract

Taurine is an important modulator of neuronal activity in the immature brain. In kittens, taurine deficiency causes serious dysfunction in the cerebellar and cerebral visual cortex. The processes of taurine transport in vitro were now studied for the first time in different brain areas in developing and adult cats. The uptake of taurine consisted initially of two saturable components, high- and low-affinity, in synaptosomal preparations from the developing cerebral cortex and cerebellum, but the high-affinity uptake component completely disappeared during maturation. The release of both endogenous and preloaded labeled taurine from brain slices measured in a superfusion system was severalfold stimulated with a slow onset by depolarizing K+ (50 mM) concentrations. K+ stimulation released markedly more taurine from the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and brain stem in kittens than in adult cats. The responses were largest in the cerebellum. Both uptake and release of taurine are thus highly efficient in the brain of kittens and may be of significance in view of the vulnerability of cats to taurine deficiency.

Key Words

Taurine uptake release cat brain slices synaptosomes 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pirjo Saransaari
    • 1
  • Simo S. Oja
    • 1
  1. 1.Tampere Brain Research Center, Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

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