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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 16, Issue 11, pp 1235–1240 | Cite as

Time-, concentration-, and age-dependent inhibition of muscarinic receptor-stimulated phosphoinositide metabolism by ethanol in the developing rat brain

  • Walter Balduini
  • Stefano M. Candura
  • Luigi Manzo
  • Flaminio Cattabeni
  • Lucio G. Costa
Original Articles

Abstract

We have previously reported that administration of ethanol (EtOH; 4 g/Kg/day) to rats from postnatal day 4 to day 10 causes microencephaly and decreases muscarinic receptor-stimulated inositol metabolism on days 7 and 10 (1). An identical exposure to EtOH of adult rats, which resulted in similar blood EtOH concentrations, did not have any effect on the same system. Initial in vitro studies have shown the presence of a differential sensitivity to EtOH of the phosphoinositide system coupled to muscarinic receptors during development (2). In the present study we have expanded these findings by investigating the concentration-, time-, and age-dependent effects of EtOH on accumulation of [3H]inositol phosphates ([3H]InsPs) in brain slices. EtOH caused a dose-dependent inhibition of carbachol-stimulated phosphoinositide metabolism in cerebral cortex slices from 7 day-old rats. When the time of incubation with EtOH was increased to 90 minutes, concentrations as low as 50 mM, which are reached following in vivo administration of EtOH, significantly inhibited the muscarinic response. The effect of EtOH was rather specific for the muscarinic receptors, since, even with longer incubation times, the accumulation of [3H]InsPs induced by norepinephrine or serotonin was inhibited only at concentrations of 150–500 mM. The effect of EtOH was more pronounced in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum, and less in the brainstem. The potency of EtOH in inhibiting carbachol-stimulated phosphoinositide metabolism was also dependent on the age of the animals. Its effect was maximal in the 7 day-old rat and less pronounced in younger and older animals. These results confirm that the phosphoinositide system coupled to muscarinic receptors might represent a relevant target for the developmental neurotoxicity of EtOH.

Key Words

Ethanol developmental neurotoxicity phosphoinositide metabolism muscarinic receptor 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Balduini
    • 1
  • Stefano M. Candura
    • 1
  • Luigi Manzo
    • 2
  • Flaminio Cattabeni
    • 3
  • Lucio G. Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental HealthUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, Pharmacology and Toxicology DivisionUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  3. 3.Institute of Pharmacological SciencesUniversity of MilanoMilanoItaly

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