Modulation of ATPase activities in the central nervous system by the S-100 proteins
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The isomeric forms of bovine S-100a and S-100b have been shown to stimulate ATPase activities in fractions enriched in myelin and mitochondria isolated from the Gerbil brain and for S-100b more effectively than for calmodulin in erythrocytes or skeletal muscle. In the presence of Ca2+, S-100a produced a slight increase of ATPase activity in the mitochondrial fraction. However, S-100b, with or without Ca2+ and Zn2+ respectively, had no effect on the ATPase activity in mitochondria of the Gerbil liver. The observations may indicate a “second messenger” role for S-100b in the presence of Zn2+ in the Schwann cell.
Key WordsS-100a S-100b Ca2+ Zn2+ ATPase myelin synaptosome Gerbil brain
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