The Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire: A revised measure of alcohol-related beliefs

  • Ross McD Young
  • Robert G. Knight


Alcohol-related expectancies have been recently proposed as potentially important determinants of drinking behavior. This study describes the development of a New Zealand measure of such beliefs, the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire (DEQ). Items selected through interviews, literature review, and the modification of other relevant questionnaires were piloted on 333 drinkers in a community sample and 275 college students. Factor analyses of both samples revealed nine alcohol reinforcement domains relating to assertiveness, affective change, sexual enhancement, social enhancement, relaxation, cognitive impairment, dependence, carelessness, and aggression. The potential clinical and research possibilities using this revised expectancy measure are briefly discussed, along with the scale's strength and weaknesses.

Key words

alcohol expectancies beliefs reinforcement from drinking alcohol use 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ross McD Young
    • 1
  • Robert G. Knight
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology ClinicQueensland UniversitySt LuciaAustralia
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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