Reaction of carbonyl compounds in the presence of phase-transfer catalysts

7. Determination of reaction orders in the aldol condensation of acetone in two-phase systems
  • T. I. Lozanskaya
  • I. A. Esikova
  • S. S. Yufit
  • V. F. Kucherov
Physical Chemistry

Conclusions

  1. 1.

    The kinetics was studied for the condensation of acetone in some two-phase systems with and without use of a phase-transfer catalyst. The reaction order relative to acetone changes upon introduction of the catalyst from second to third.

     
  2. 2.

    It was proposed that the aldol condensation of acetone in the presence of phase-transfer catalysts proceeds in the organic phase and stabilization of the alcoholate of diacetone alcohol proceeds by the action of acetone and not water.

     

Keywords

Alcohol Acetone Carbonyl Organic Phase Reaction Order 

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Literature cited

  1. 1.
    C. K. Ingold, Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, Cornell Univ. Press (1969).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. A. Esikova, V. F. Kucherov, B. A. Rudenko, and S. S. Yufit, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 1468 (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. J. Gordon and R. A. Ford, Chemist's Companion: A Handbook of Practical Data, Techniques, and References, Wiley-Interscience (1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. I. Lozanskaya
    • 1
  • I. A. Esikova
    • 1
  • S. S. Yufit
    • 1
  • V. F. Kucherov
    • 1
  1. 1.N. D. Zelinskii Institute of Organic ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscow

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