Adjustment to hemodialysis treatment through behavioral controls

  • Carolyn M. Tucker
  • Robert C. Ziller
  • Shirley A. Chennault
  • Eliezer Somer
  • Myra G. Schwartz
  • Linda L. Swanson
  • Hattie A. Blake
  • Gordon C. Finlayson
Article

Abstract

The present study was conducted to examine the hypothesis that compliant chronically ill patients, typically described as “adjusted,” reinforce more positive social environments using behavioral controls than noncompliant patients, typically described as “maladjusted.” Specifically, it is hypothesized that diet-compliant chronic hemodialysis patients emit significnatly more active involvement-in-treatment behaviors and more social behaviors than diet-noncompliant chronic hemodialysis patients. Subjects, who ranged in age from 30 to 77 years, were outpatients at a kidney center. Behavioral observations were conducted to assess the occurrence or frequency of (1) four involvement-in-treatment behaviors that are routinely taught to all patients and (2) two social behaviors, which were patient verbalizations and smiles. The results showed that compliant patients emitted significantly more involvement-in-treatment behaviors and smiles than noncompliant patients. Results support the proposed control framework that compliant, in contrast to non-compliant, chronically ill patients have recourse through positive behavioral controls when adjusting to the stresses of illness. It was proposed that through these controls, compliant patients reinforce positive environments rather than simply respond to life circumstances as given.

Key words

hemodialysis behavioral controls compliance noncompliance 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn M. Tucker
    • 1
  • Robert C. Ziller
    • 1
  • Shirley A. Chennault
    • 1
  • Eliezer Somer
    • 1
  • Myra G. Schwartz
    • 1
  • Linda L. Swanson
    • 2
  • Hattie A. Blake
    • 2
  • Gordon C. Finlayson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  2. 2.North Florida Kidney CenterGainesville

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